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By Keith Archibald Forbes (see About Us) at e-mail exclusively for Bermuda Online
To refer by e-mail to this file use "bermuda-online.org/seecity.htm" as your Subject
The City of Hamilton, a port city, is located on the south side of Pembroke Parish, on Hamilton Harbour.
It has been the capital, administrative, commercial, entertainment and shopping center of Bermuda since 1815 and the principal seaport and container port, with a constant clientele of freighters, Bermuda-bound smaller to medium-size cruise ships, yachts, government-owned ferries and other craft.
Administered by the elected body the Corporation of Hamilton, see below.
Hosts the Bermuda Government, with its many buildings, army of civil servants, large number of elected and appointed politicians. It is one of the two local container ports and the hub of Bermuda's international business administration.
Resident Population: About 1,800 today. A very small population. Why? Because most who work in the city don't live there, they commute by car, bus or ferry from the outlying parishes. But they come to it for employment, as it has more than 90 percent of all the employers in Bermuda. About 13,500 persons - 40% of Bermuda's working population work in the city. It is the hub of Bermuda's international business administration. The city is presently 185 acres in size, substantially more than when first established but still one of the smallest cities in the world.
See image, right. He was British Lieutenant Governor and then full Governor here from 1788 to 1794 and got this municipality started. He was born in Dublin, Ireland, in 1734, as the fourth of seven children. His great grandfather was Sir Frederick Hamilton, Baron Paisley and Governor of Ulster, a position which necessitated a change of residence from Scotland to Ireland for the family and resulted in Henry's birth a century later. Henry's grandfather, Gustavus Hamilton, had a distinguished military career, was raised to the King's Privy Council and became Viscount Boyne in the Irish peerage. Henry's father was the third son of Viscount Boyle, a member of the Irish Parliament and Collector of the port of Queenstown (now Cork).
Henry spent his youth in Cork. He was commissioned into the 15th Regiment of Foot in the British Army. He earned distinction in British victories at the battles of Louisburg and Quebec in the Seven Years War (French and Indian War in the USA).
With General Henry Hamilton's success in the British Army, following the passage of the Quebec Act in 1774, he was appointed Lieutenant Governor of Detroit, where he led the King's 8th Regiment. From Detroit, he directed the Indians during the American Revolutionary War. He soon acquired a notorious reputation from American historians of the time as the "Hair Buyer of Detroit") for helping British financed Indians scalp rebel Americans on the frontiers. In February 1779, he was one of the many of the King's 8th Regiment captured by the Americans at Vincennes in the famous expedition led by George Rogers Clark and was sent in chains to Williamsburg, Virginia. His eventual parole, release to the British for a huge ransom, exchange in 1781 and repatriation to London were difficult and complex because of the American complaints. From there, he was Lieutenant Governor of Quebec, then Governor, from 1782 to 1785. He was dismissed from office for reasons not his own and returned to England. But his reputation and the intercession of his influential family and friends returned him to favor. He was appointed by King George III of Britain as Lieutenant Governor of Bermuda (or Somers Isles) in America, and Commander in Chief of Forts King's Castle, Fort Hamilton, Fort Popple and Fort Paget on February 26, 1787.
He was then 53 years old. His commission also authorized him to act as full Governor in case of death or absence of Governor in Chief and Captain General William Browne (a British Loyalist born in Massachusetts, USA), who left Bermuda on October 27, 1788, never to return, although he was technically still Governor of Bermuda more than a year later. It was not until January 1, 1790 that Hamilton officially became full Governor of Bermuda. In every way, he was a very good, capable, honest, efficient and trustworthy bachelor Governor. It is not well known, even by locals, that the city motto "Hamilton Sparsa Collegit" is not directly about the city but about how Governor "Hamilton had brought together the scattered." Later, he was Governor of the much bigger (more than ten times the size) but less populated Caribbean island of Dominica in the Leeward Islands (not to be confused with the Spanish-speaking Dominican Republic). There, he got married, at the age of 61, to a young English girl, Elizabeth Lee, on March 19, 1795, only four months after his arrival.
She was 25 years old and the daughter of a Colonel Lee, of Banbury, Oxfordshire, England. (It is not clear whether she had any children but the Colonial Society of Massachusetts newsletter number 336 of March 1902 says Governor and Mrs. Hamilton had one child, Mary Anne Pierpoint, who died unmarried on December 12, 1871). While still Governor of Dominica, he died in Antigua where he had gone for treatment because of his declining health. He was unique in British colonial history - the only Governor of three separate places, especially popular in the last two. In Bermuda and Dominica, the largest of the British Caribbean territories, he was very much a diplomat. In Dominica, most of the inhabitants there regarded him as the savior from the French who several times tried uprisings. With his former military prowess, he led the British forces and local militia and aborted the attempts. (For further details about Governor Henry Hamilton, see the Bermuda Historical Quarterly, Autumn Quarter 1964) and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Hamilton_(governor).
Graphics above: from the top down: City Crest; Governor Henry Hamilton; Commemorative City Coin, 1993.
City of Hamilton, viewed from part of Warwick Parish
No hotels are in the city now, although a St. Regis is planned. There used to be several city hotels. They included the American Hotel and Canadian Hotel - when the city had a thriving trade of agricultural produce shipped weekly from its port. Later, there was the large Hamilton Hotel, where the City Hall and its Car Park are now. It was easily the largest in Bermuda but was burnt down over four decades ago and never rebuilt. The Princess Hotel, Waterloo House, and several others are within walking distance, in Pembroke Parish but not the city. The only place that accommodates visitors in the city is a private club, the Royal Bermuda Yacht Club.
For a free map of the city, see the Visitors Service Bureau by the Ferry Terminal.
A local colloquialism, it refers to the northern end of the city which abuts Pembroke March. Pond Hill is the highest point of swampy, low-lying ground near Back O' Town.
Bank of N. T. Butterfield & Son Limited, 65 Front & Reid Streets, Hamilton HM 12. Phone 295-1111. About 40% of the local banking market. Main investors are the Canadian Carlyle Group (18.64%) and the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce (CIBC), 18.64% (together they own nearly 40%), then Bermuda Government Pension Funds, Wellcome Trust, Julian Robertson and Goshen Investments LLC.
Commercial Bank Ltd (BCB). L
P. Gutteridge Building, Hamilton, PO Box HM1748, Hamilton HM GX, Telephone:
. Owned by
. Owned bySomers Ltd, which recently sought to buy out London-based broker Westhouse Holdings PLC. Somers already owned a 46.1 percent stake in Westhouse. Somers was formerly known as Bermuda National Ltd. As well as owning BCB, Somers owns a 62.5 percent holding in J O Hambro Investment Management Ltd, a UK wealth manager with $6 billion in assets under management and a 66 percent interest in Private & Commercial Finance Group PLC, a UK asset financing company, and a 58 percent interest in Bermuda real estate company West Hamilton Holdings.
Clarien Bank Limited. 19 Reid Street, Hamilton HM 11. P. O. Box HM 1194, Hamilton HM EX. Phone (441) 296-6969. Fax (441) 296-7701. On January 7, 2014 it amalgamated with and on April 22, 2014 changed its name. Formerly Capital G Bank Ltd. Part of Clarien Group Ltd, a wholly owned subsidiary of Bermuda exempted company CWH Ltd. The deal gave the newly formed Bermuda company a controlling interest in what was until April 22. 2014 the Capital G Bank Ltd. Edmund Gibbons Ltd, which had earlier wholly owned the institution, remains involved as a minority shareholder. Subsidiaries with their new names are Clarien Brokerage Ltd, formerly Capital G Brokerage Ltd; Clarien BSX Services Ltd, formerly Capital G BSX Services Ltd; Clarien Investments Ltd, formerly Capital G Investments Ltd; Clarien Nominees Ltd, formerly Capital G Nominees Ltd; and Clarien Trust Ltd, formerly Capital G Trust Ltd.
HSBC Bank of Bermuda. Harbourview Centre, Front and Reid Streets, Hamilton. Bermuda's biggest bank. A prominent local landmark, for Bermudians and professional newcomers go to do their banking. Phone 295-4000. Fax 295-7093. Since 1889. Formerly the Bank of Bermuda Limited. The largest by a considerable margin and most profitable Bermuda bank, especially since February 2004 under HSBC ownership when acquired for US$1.3 billion. At HSBC acquisition the bank employed 1,050 people but reduced this to about 730 in 2012. About 47% of the local banking market. Also beyond the city, in St. George's and Somerset.
Royal Gazette photo
Just within the city boundary is this waterfront bay and park, in Hamilton Harbor, on the west side of the Royal Bermuda Yacht Club. Both are named after an old Bermudian family that dates back to 1727. In 1821 John Barr, a merchant in the town of St. George, married Frances Goodrich, a member of the family of rich American Loyalists who had lived in the town since the American Revolution. In addition to these two places, Barr's Hill in St. George's Parish is also named after them. In 1861 the couple's only son, William Shedden Barr, married Charlotte Eleanor Burnaby Lough, only daughter of the Rev. John Lough and Mary Hinson Lough.
On February 18, 2010 the Corporation of Hamilton unveiled here the ‘We Arrive’ memorial sculpture. The semi-abstract piece by Chesley Trott is to commemorate the arrival of the slaves from the American ship The Enterprise seeking a safe harbour to allow repairs and reprovisioning. Bermuda was only recently a free state and when the slaves arrived they were offered their freedom, which all but one family accepted. This almost led to war between the US & UK and was a basis for the defence of the slaves from the Amistad.
The park is small but scenic. It is nice for a picnic, with seating in a waterside garden setting. It has shady trees. There is access for the healthy and those in wheelchairs, via an incline. But to avoid a busiest times of the main road, pick an evening before dark or a weekend. See White's Island on your left in the harbor, also cruise ships or other vessels passing by. Also superb as a place to watch the annual illuminated boat parade, every December just before Christmas. Until the 1995, the US Navy had an active shore patrol based here, in a purpose-built building. It served the-then US Naval Air Station to the east in St. David's and the-then US Navy Operating Base in Southampton Parish. Sailors used to be able to take a US Navy ferry service to both facilities to and from the City of Hamilton.
Government Administration Building, 30 Parliament Street, Hamilton HM 12. Email firstname.lastname@example.org. It has no web site address. Open to the public on week days. Telephone 295-5151. The Bermuda Government's depository of Bermuda's heritage, history and historic art. In the remit administration of the Premier of Bermuda. In a climate controlled system for 40% relative humidity and a constant temperature of 65 degrees Fahrenheit. See many original documents, parchment deeds of the early 1600's to 20th century files, documentary art and Bermuda's largest holding of vintage photographs. There is an Archives Advisory Council, under the Bermuda Archives Act 1974.
Mostly at the Earl Cameron City Hall Theatre, City Hall. This seasonal event - about two hours a night in January to March every year - is accessible via a curving outdoor ramp. There are special places for the wheelchair-bound and a seat nearby for a caregiver.
Headquarters, King Street. From April, 2007 Bermuda’s three fire departments were unified into a single national fire service. After 76 years of existence the volunteer St. George Fire Brigade became history, along with the Bermuda International Airport fire service. Both were absorbed into the Bermuda Fire Service to form a comprehensive emergency service that spans the Island.
Sponsored by the Bermuda Chamber of Commerce, mostly for visitors. Free entertainment and samples of island culture. Some stores have late closing hours (7 pm to 10 pm) for visitors. Annually, Wednesday evenings from late April to mid-October. On these nights, road closures include
Some car and bike parks are closed then.
Par La Ville, Queen Street, Hamilton. Telephone (441) 295-2487. No known email or fax address or website. The house was once the home of William Perot, Bermuda's famous postmaster, who devised Bermuda's first postage stamps. As the long-established keeper of the unique items below and founder of the Bermuda Historical Monuments Trust, later the Bermuda National Trust, the BHS surely deserves to be seen as THE authority of Bermuda's history. Perhaps one day it will have its own historical website and email address, so inexpensive to establish. Until then, read our web files about Bermuda's History.
Established in 1895, Bermuda registered charity # 191, with considerable funds. In August 1927 it was formally incorporated by local Act of Parliament. Since 1955 it has occupied the entire ground or first floor of the historic building shown to the left (owned by the Corporation of Hamilton). It has three rooms of interesting and in some cases unique museum pieces. It also has some Bermuda history books for sale. It receives an annual Government grant to provide information to the public who visit in person or write or call. It welcomes members from Bermuda and visitors and does not charge an admittance fee. But donations are gratefully accepted. It holds regular executive and periodic open general meetings and offers annual and life and special membership for which there is a cost. Only relatively few of its paintings are visible as most, to preserve them in the appropriate environment for rare and unusual works - are in the care of the Bermuda Archives - a Bermuda Government-owned agency in another part of the city.
Admiral Sir George Somers, British naval hero, founder of Bermuda in 1609.
See the original 17th century portraits, and other artifacts of his such as his sea chest, of Admiral Sir George Somers who founded Bermuda and his wife Lady Somers. (Note this website's Admiral Somers file for how his exploits and how he came to discover and colonize Bermuda for the United Kingdom, are described fully). He and his wife were from and lived in the ancient English town of Lyme Regis in Dorset, now twinned with the Historic Town of St. George in Bermuda.
See the English sedan chair of 1770, very similar to those used by the Mozart family and others in Austria, France and Britain. It was restored a few years ago and is believed to be the only one left of its type in the entire Western Hemisphere. At least one other sedan chair of about the same period carried prominent local residents like Mrs. George Forbes, the wife of a prominent local Scottish-born doctor in the early 18th century.
Note a typewritten copy of the original 1775 letter from George Washington to Bermudians of the day. It requested help in stealing gunpowder from the British garrison for his country's Revolution.
Other items worth noting include the 1830 Waterford crystal chandelier, the Wedgwood vase that commemorated a significant anniversary in Bermuda and a remarkable Silver Collection dating back to when local artisans were silversmiths (they created silver out of coins as there were no local sources of silver). One was Thomas Savage Senior, who worked in both Boston MA and Bermuda. His silver tankard made on the Island in around 1710 was auctioned off in early 2009 by Sotheby's in New York, for well over $60,000. It is hoped it will find its way back to Bermuda. Bermuda silver is extremely rare and does not frequently show up at auction. There has never been any silver found in Bermuda, much of it derived from coins once common in Bermuda or imported.
Savage Silver Tankard
Only 38 silversmiths are known to have worked in Bermuda between 1650 and 1900, and the majority made small objects such as spoons, buckles and buttons. Only seven silversmiths were known to have made larger objects, and only 30 of these objects are known today. Since 1998, Sotheby's has only sold one other tankard believed to be made in Bermuda. The 1790 fiddler's clock made in Bermuda by a silversmith and jeweler, is a one-of-a-kind antique, believed to be very valuable. It's the finest artifact in the museum, made by Thomas Blatchley, an English-born clockmaker who lived and owned a business in St. George's. Standing more than a foot high and described as very ornate with a pagoda-style roof, the clock features a silvered brass face that was inscribed with the clockmaker's name and the word "Bermudo." Perhaps "Bermudo" was inscribed to avoid using the actual name of Bermuda, which could have been Crown-copyrighted at the time. The clock also plays four different melodies. The chime is delightful, playing a trio of chamber musicians and playing instruments when the clock is wound up. Its silvered brass face has an even more interesting story. While Thomas Blatchley's business was clock making, we know from advertisements in the Bermuda Gazette that he also offered watch making, engraving and silversmith services. Blatchley's employee, Peter Pallais, a French-born silversmith, moved to Bermuda around the time the clock was made and one could deduce that the face of the clock could have been made by him. Pallais took over Blatchley's business upon his death. He was one of the island's earliest converts to the Methodist faith and for his convictions, he was also one the early 19th-century victims of religious persecution in Bermuda. He, along with Bermuda's first Methodist minister, the Rev. John Stephenson, were imprisoned for nine days at the jail in St. George's, which is now the site of the St. George's Historical Society located on Duke of Kent Street. The English piano by a famous manufacturer was exhibited in London in the 1850s. No one quite knows how it arrived in Bermuda. Other antiques include a portrait of William Perot, the original owner of the house this museum occupies, as well as its adjacent grounds, nor Par La Ville Park; a handsome tall-case clock by Thomas Millington of London and a noteworthy collection of Chinese export and Wedgwood china.
Records of the Society include, in records of the long-defunct Bermuda Historical Quarterly (once produced by the Bermuda Historical Society), details of the 40 year period in Bermuda's history from the 1820s to 1860s as a convict prison for British convicts who lived on prison hulks and built the Royal Naval Dockyard. Of more recent interest are exhibits from the Boer War when thousands of South African prisoners of war (men and boys) were transported to exile on various islands in Bermuda from 1901 to 1902. Bermuda was one of the places selected as a prisoner-of-war-camp for the Boers because of its distance from South Africa. Local historians have quite a collection of souvenirs of the Boer War made by the South Africans.
Dame Lois Browne Evans Building, junction of Church Street, Court Street and Victoria Street. 127,473 sq feet on seven levels. It features four courtrooms on the second floor, plus a Family Court on the third.
2nd floor, City Hall. Phone (441) 295-9428 or fax (441) 295-2055. Bermuda's art museum with four main exhibition spaces, the Main Gallery, Mezzanine, Watlington Room (after founding trustee Hereward T. Watlington) and Ondaatje Wing (after benefactor Sir Christopher Ondaatje). Since 1992. Registered charity # 228. With artworks and periodic special exhibitions. The permanent collection has four elements:
Par La Ville, 13 Queen Street. Telephone (441) 295-2905 (Circulation) or (441) 295-3104 (Reference). E-mail email@example.com. Effective Monday, 1 April 2013, opening hours are Monday to Thursday – 8.30 a.m. to 6.00 p.m. Friday – 10.00 a.m. to 5.00 p.m. Saturday – 9.00 a.m. to 5.00 p.m. Sunday – Closed. Photo shows Bermuda National Library in the centre, not to the left. In the 1980s the present modern building took over most of the Library from the much older part of Par-La-Ville - so much so that the Bermuda National Library now has its own entrance which is not at all part of the original Par-la-Ville building. What used to be the Colonial Archives and were formerly in the Library were moved years ago to the Bermuda Government Archives on the Government Administration Building on Parliament Street. The ground-floor Reference Library used to be accessible from the Bermuda Historical Society but is no longer accessible from the old building, only from the new wing. With the initiative of Governor William Reid who arrived in 1839, the original Library was initially established in the east room on the ground floor of what was then the Customs House on Front Street. Later, it was the Colonial Secretariat, now the Cabinet Building. Governor Reid started the depository from a collection of books that was dying out by 1839. It began in 1765 from families living in the Somerset Bridge area of Sandys Parish who had formed the Somerset Bridge Club as a social club. There was also a small club in Pembroke Parish that circulated reading matter among its members.
This was the first library for general use in Bermuda. Governor Reid got the Legislature to approve the facility as a general Colonial Library, consisting then of reference works and practical books. An early published library annual report showed a book collection of 276 initial volumes. He presided personally over the first meeting of the trustees held in August, 1839 - from which came the early regulations governing the library. As directed by the trustees, every inhabitant over Bermuda not a minor had access to the books in the library and for a membership fee could borrow books for home use. A subscription for one year cost six shillings and life membership two pounds. The library was open from midday until 2 pm except on Sundays and holidays. Today, this now free lending Library is an agency of the Bermuda Government. It is accessible to wheelchair bound local and visiting patrons (via an elevator). In the Reference Library, visitors can peruse the links between England, Virginia, New England and Bermuda. Rare volumes include the 1624 first edition of Captain John Smith's General History of Virginia, New England and the Somers Isles (Bermuda's alternate name). Other Bermuda books, by local and overseas authors and Bermuda newspapers dating back to 1787 are available for public inspection during library hours.
Bermuda National Library Committee. See Bermuda Government Boards.
This city is the home port of a number of Bermuda-registered ships including cruise ships, such as the P&O/Carnival large cruise ship Arcadia.
P&O cruise ship Arcadia (see below), registered in Hamilton, Bermuda.
Queen Mary 2 in her new Bermuda-registered livery
All Bermuda-registered ships of all types are administered by the Bermuda Government's Department of Maritime Administration. Bermuda-registered ships which are not cruise ships are too many to be listed here. But of the cruise ships, the following are known to be Bermuda-registered.
All Bermuda-registered ships fly this maritime flag of Bermuda. They include the following cruise ships listed by cruise ship line then alphabetically with dates shown being dates when launched.
Cunard. All were Bermuda-registered in October, November and December 2011.(Queen Elizabeth October 24, Queen Victoria October 27 and Queen Mary 2 on December 1). Cunard has been UK-registered for the last 171 years, but has said it will continue to use Southampton as its home port.
P&O Cruises. Arcadia (2005); Artemis (1984); Aurora (2000); Azura (2010); Oceana (2002); Oriana (1995); Ventura (2008)
Princess Cruises. Caribbean Princess (2004); Coral Princess (2002); Crown Princess (2006); Dawn Princess (1997); Diamond Princess (2004); Emerald Princess (2007); Golden Princess (2001); Grand Princess (1998); Island Princess (2003); Ocean Princess (1999); Pacific Princess (1999); Royal Princess (2001); Ruby Princess (2008); Sapphire Princess (2004); Sea Princess (1998); Star Princess (2002); Sun Princess (1995).
Runs north from Front Street to an intersection with Richmond Road. It is named after the Bermudiana Hotel that was here from the 1920s until the early 1990s when it was demolished to make way for the ACE and XL insurance companies. The hotel was built as part of the bid by the Furness-Bermuda Line to turn Bermuda into a prestigious tourism resort (also built were the Belmont Manor in Warwick, Castle Harbour and Mid Ocean Club). It had magnificent harbour views and its gardens incorporated those of two former historic mansions, one of which was Long House (razed in the 1930s for the hotel). After a fire gutted it in the 1950s, when it was owned by an English millionaire, it was rebuilt, but competition from the Southampton Princess and Sonesta Beach hotels built in the 1960s and 1970s limited its potential.
Front Street. Prominent spot in the city of Hamilton at the junction of Front Street, its extension of Front Street West that becomes Pitts Bay Road and Queen Street. So-called because for generations there was a blue and white painted bird-cage-like structure in the middle of the junction from which Bermuda policemen directed traffic. Deemed a place of historical and cultural importance for that reason. The Bird Cage was designed by Dickie Bird, who died in 2011.
North from Front Street, at the Flagpole (see below). Burnaby Hill is a steep hill. After Reid Street it changes to Burnaby Street and continues to Church Street where it changes its name to Cedar Avenue. Both the hill and street were named to commemorate Captain Sir William Burnaby, Royal Navy, of Broughton Hall, Oxford, England. He was posted to Bermuda in 1812 as Commanding Officer of the Prison hulk HMS Romulus, during the War of 1812-14 between Britain and the USA. His harsh regime earned him the enmity of American prisoners-of-war on the hulk, so much so that when, many years after the war ended and he was visiting New York by ship from Bermuda, an angry mob threatened to lynch him. In 1816 he married a Bermudian widow, Mrs. Eleanor Wood who inherited a great fortune from her late husband Joseph Wood (thus Woodlands Road, in Pembroke Parish) including a lovely old house called Long House. After a long and happy retirement in Bermuda, Sir William Burnaby died at Long House in 1853 at the age of 63. Lady Burnaby also died there on 1st January 1862, aged 78.
Photo by author solely for Bermuda Online
Washington Street, east of and adjacent to City Hall. Opened in February 2006 at a cost of $2.8 million and many months of construction. The new permanent central terminal for Bermuda's pink and blue buses run by the Public Transportation Board (PTB) of the Bermuda Government. Incoming buses from east and west make their last here of only three city stops. From here, the eastern buses (10 and 11 routes, mostly) travel to the town of St. George via the Middle, North Shore or South Roads. Going west (via routes 7 and 8 mostly), via one stop in the city on Church Street West, they go as far as the Bermuda Royal Naval Dockyard via the Middle or South Roads. There are also less well-used routes. Visitors and new residents should obtain a free copy of the current bus schedule and become familiar with the fare and zone structure, transfer policy, frequency by day and by night, and different types of tickets and passes, as shown in Bermuda Transportation for Visitors. Very busy 8:00 to 8:45 am, 3:30 to 4:30 pm on regular school days when many school children use it, and from 4:30 to 5:30 pm when Bermudian commuters go home tired. The periodic (rush hour only) Express buses to St. George's are specifically for commuters, unlike regular buses used by visitors.
Cabinet Office, showing a long line of official Bermuda Government Ministerial cars parked outside. Royal Gazette photo.
105 Front Street. Telephone 292-5501. Designed in 1837 by an officer of the Royal Engineers then serving in Bermuda. When it was first opened in 1884, it was known as "The Public Building", part of Bermuda's civil colonial government during the reign of Queen Victoria. It then housed the Customs and Treasury Departments and the Bermuda Library on the ground floor with the Council Room and the Secretariat on the upper. It has remained the home of the Council and the Secretariat ever since, with the exception of a period of nine years (1969 1977) when the Executive Council was based in offices on the second floor of the General Post Office at Church and Parliament Streets. Entering the Entrance Hall, the doors are of Bermuda cedar. Some of the cedar was given to the Cabinet Building by the Consul General of the United States and some of the cedar was from the O1d (ended in the late 1950s) Bus Garage, earlier a Bermuda Railway train depot, on East Broadway. These doors were installed in 1989, completing the renovations to the ground floor of the Cabinet Building. There is a large portrait above the stairs, facing down into the Entrance Hall, which is that of Queen Victoria, a copy an original portrait which hangs in St James' Palace, London and is on loan from the St. George's Foundation of New York. It shows the young Queen at the beginning of her reign, shortly after her marriage to Prince Albert of Saxe Coburg-Gotha. In the Upper Hall, over the stairs, there is a portrait of Sir Thomas Gates who was with Admiral Sir George Somers in the Sea Venture in 1609. In the Upper-Hall, facing the stairs is a portrait of William Herbert, 3rd Earl of Pembroke; the original, painted in 1627 for King Charles I, hangs in the National Portrait Gallery in London. To the right is a portrait of Sir Edwin Sandys, a member of the Bermuda Company during the early years of colonization. Lord Sandys, a descendant of Sir Edwin, had two copies made of the original portrait and in 1959 kindly presented one to Bermuda and the other to the House of Burgesses in Richmond, Virginia, to mark the 350th anniversary of the settling of both Bermuda and the Virginia Colony. From the large casement window in the Upper Hall a pleasant view of Hamilton Harbour can be seen which, from April to November each year, includes cruise ships alongside Front Street. Either side of the casement window are portraits of King George III (1760 1820) and Queen Charlotte these are believed to be the works of Allan Ramsay, Court Painter (1713 1784). These portraits were retrieved by the British Army when it burnt the White House in Washington DC in the 1812-14 War. At the latter, the portraits had been removed from display and put in storage. It was the taxation policy of the British Government that had so exasperated the North American colonists that on 4th July, 1776, they proclaimed their independence from Great Britain. To the left of the door leading into the Senate Chamber is a portrait of Sir Francis Forbes who enjoyed a successful career in the legal profession and, moving to the Southern Hemisphere, served as a Chief Justice in New South Wales.
When Parliament is in session, the Senate meets at 10.00 a.m. each Wednesday to discuss matters sent forward by the House of Assembly. The gallery to the left of the main entrance is for the use of the public. To the right, there is a small glass topped table. The book inside bears the signature of Her Royal Highness The Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon, who was present for the convening of Parliament on November 2, 1990. Beyond, on top of the bookshelves, is a long glass case, which contains The Black Rod. This is the emblem of office carried by a senior Police Officer who, when the Governor is about to open Parliament following a General Election or a seasonal Recess, summons the elected representatives from the House of Assembly and leads them in procession to the Senate Chamber. The Black Rod in the case was fashioned by the Crown Jewelers and is topped with a silver Coat of Arms and tipped with an inset Bermuda crown piece. It was presented to the Government in 1964 by Mr. B.C.C. Outerbridge who gave many years of service to Bermuda, in the House of Assembly both as a member and as Deputy Speaker, and subsequently in the Senate then known as the Legislative Council. The portraits above the Black Rod are of former Senate Presidents. They were Senator the Hon. Albert Jackson, CBE, JP 1987-1998; The Hon. Sir George Ratteray, CBE 1969-1980; and Senator the Hon. H.E. Richardson, CBE, JP 1980-1987; The portraits on the northern wall of the Chamber are of King George V and Queen Mary, the grandparents of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, and are from originals at Windsor Castle. The two velvet covered beneath the portraits were used by Sir J. Tronnsell Gilbert, President of the Legislative Council, and Lady Gilbert when they attended the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II at Westminster Abbey in 1953. Between the two portraits is the Royal Coat of Arms and beneath this is the dais from which the Governor, when opening Parliament, delivers the Throne Speech setting out the Government's programme for the next Session of the Legislature. The chair on the dais, now used as the Throne, has an interesting history: it was made of Bermuda cedar for one of Bermuda's early Governors and bears on its back a carved inscription which reads – "Cap. Iosias Forstor Esv. Governor of the Sumer Islands Ano do 1642". In 1897, Josias Foster's chair was discovered in the Island of St Croix in the West Indies, having been taken there by his descendants in 1800. The chair was duly purchased from the family and on return to Bermuda was installed in its current place of distinction. The original circular table around which Bermuda's Senators deliberate, has also served many and varied international gatherings. The "Three Power Conference" took place in Bermuda in December 1953, when President Eisenhower of the United States met with Sir Winston Churchill of Great Britain and Monsieur Joseph Laniel of France. Again in 1957, President Eisenhower was in Bermuda, this time to meet Primer Minister Harold Macmillan of Great Britain; and in 1961 Mr. Macmillan met with President Kennedy of the United States. On each of these occasions the table has been dismantled and removed to another, larger location. The twelve armchairs in use with the table were obtained by the Hon. Robert Kennedy, the Colonial Secretary of the day (not to be confused with the much later American by that name) who, in 1841, wrote from abroad to his deputy Charles Fozard: "I have selected and ordered a dozen very handsome chairs for the Council Room. They are elbow chairs of a very suitable pattern .... I will pay the cost out of the balance of the Powder Fund money in my hands, which is, I believe, about one hundred pounds." The chair at the northern side of the table with the slightly higher back, was bought in 1982 for the use of the President of the Senate. Two signed lithographs on the southern wall 0f the Chamber show Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, and were presented by their son Prince Alfred, when he visited Bermuda in 1861. The lithographs were restored at the British Museum in 1982.
Cabinet Building Grounds.
Immediately beyond the flagpole located at the front of the Cabinet Building is the Cenotaph -Bermuda's memorial to those who died in the world wars of 1914 1918 and 1939 1945. Remembrance Day is observed each November 11th, with a simple and moving ceremony, in which wreaths are laid by the Governor, the Premier, the Opposition Leader, the Commander of The Bermuda Regiment and Resident Services and Service Associations. The monument is a replica of the Cenotaph, which stands in Whitehall, London and except for the engraved slabs, which came from England is built entirely of Bermuda Limestone. On the Cabinet Grounds just east of the Cenotaph sits the War Memorial which was completed in November 2010 by the Ministry of Public Works and contains the names of almost 3,000 Bermudian men and women who served in the two World Wars. Names are inscribed on seven highly polished black granite slabs and a diamond emblem in gold leaf beside a name indicates that the serviceman or servicewoman is on the roll of honour and lost their lives in wartime service. A fountain in front of the memorial is made of a granite base and a highly-polished pink granite ball which is the same stone used in the Anglican Cathedral in Hamilton. Seating is provided at the memorial and it is a serene place where surviving War Veterans, their children or grandchildren, other relatives, members of an appreciative public and visitors may gather to reflect upon and pay respect to those who served our Island so heroically during the Great Wars. To the east of the Cabinet Building is a granite obelisk which was erected by the people of Bermuda to the memory of Major General Sir William Reid, KCB, Governor of Bermuda from 1838 to 1846.
Senate Chamber with portraits of King George IV and Queen Charlotte. This father of this King, George III, had Ministers who caused the War of Independence.
Also see (not in photo above) a large oil painting of William Herbert, 3rd Earl of Pembroke (after whom the parish of Pembroke is named), painted in about 1625 by Daniel Mytens, a Court painter in England, appointed by King Charles I. In the chamber, center, is the 17th century Bermuda cedar chair made for Governor Josias Forster in 1642, when Parliament was in the Town of St. George. In the glass case (not seen in photo) is the Black Rod, an instrument of office fashioned by the Crown Jewelers in London, carried by the senior police officer summoning the 36 elected politicians and the 11 appointed senators to the Opening or Convening of Parliament every autumn (fall). The Black Rod is a symbol of authority of the Head of State – the monarch's representative when not in Bermuda, and is carried by a senior Police Officer. On this occasion the Governor reads a lengthy, locally written annual Throne Speech, covering intended future local events from the perspective of the political party in power.
Bermuda Government Cabinet session, being addressed by then-Premier Paula Cox. 2011 Royal Gazette photo
In this photo right - by author Keith A. Forbes we also see the flags of the British Armed Forces - in which many Bermudians served during World Wars 1 and 2 - flying, with the war memorial close by.
The Cenotaph war memorial is outside the Cabinet Building. It is a replica of the famous Cenotaph at Whitehall, London. Its flags are those of the Royal Navy, Royal Air Force and British Army, memorializing Bermudians in those British military services who died in World Wars 1 and 2 and whose names are on the Cenotaph. There is also a more recent war memorial. It was built in 2010 on the grounds of the Cabinet Office, near the corner of Front and Court Streets, just east of the Cenotaph. It honours almost 2,000 Bermudians who served here and abroad, in either the First or Second World Wars. It includes recognition of Bermudian individuals who did not travel overseas, but who protected Bermuda's shores locally, remained unrecognized and seemingly unappreciated. Plaques are displayed on five individual walls that form a semi-circle around a rolling ball water fountain resting on a granite base. Seating is provided at the memorial as a serene place where war veterans, visitors and other members of an appreciative public may gather to reflect upon and to pay respect to those who served this Island so heroically. Every November 11, or public holiday commemorating it, during the Remembrance Day parade wreaths are laid at the two War Memorials.
Sally Bassett statue.
To the west of the Cabinet Building is a bronze sculpture of Sally Bassett, a black Bermudian slave who was burned at the stake in Bermuda in 1730. Her "crime" was alleged witchcraft (then practiced as much in Bermuda as it was in Salem and elsewhere) against an allegedly cruel white owner. Some people believe the burning happened at Crow Lane, others say it happened near Albuoy's Point. In 2009, in commemoration of Bermuda's four hundred year anniversary, the sculpture of Bassett was erected to memorialize the struggle of Bermuda's blacks, the majority of Bermudians, against slavery. Commissioned by the-then Bermuda Government from black Bermudian sculptor Carlos W. Dowling, this work depicts a pregnant Bassett being burned at the stake for allegedly poisoning the masters of her enslaved granddaughter. The sculptor portrayed her as "pregnant with the spirit of freedom."
A city Pay and Display car park
All are now Pay and Display. They include Bermudiana Road; Burnaby Street; Cedar Avenue; Church Street; Court Street; Front Street; Par-La-Ville Road; Parliament Street; Point Pleasant Road; Queen Street; Reid Street; Rosebank Road; Victoria Street; Wesley Street; Washington Street. City Car Parks are at City Hall; Par-La-Ville; No 1; No. 5; No. 7; No. 8; Cavendish; King Street; Bull's Head MS; Bull's Head North; Elliott Street and Laffan Street. For more information, call City Hall at 292-1234.
The city issues yearly Disabled Person's Badges for local residents who qualify.
Real ones always also show a date
They are for use in Bermuda only and do not qualify for use in the UK, USA or Canada, where different criteria apply. The city presently has no reciprocal arrangements with any other jurisdiction abroad. If/when this is done, perhaps the arrangement will be reciprocal. Until then, Bermuda residents are warned not to use their badges abroad as they will not be deemed legal. Nor are overseas-issued badges deemed to be legal in Bermuda. Recipients do not have to be residents of the city so long as they are residents of Bermuda and hold a Special Persons Card. Persons with a valid local Disabled Person's Badge or their qualified caregivers can park in marked handicapped parking bays in Corporation of Hamilton paying car parks in city centers. They pay half the cost of the regular pay and display parking fee, so get two hours of on-street time instead of one. In Voucher Parking areas, they get two hours for 50 cents. They have free limited-time use of one handicapped parking space on Church Street, one on Reid Street outside Marks & Spencer; and one outside the Bermuda National Library.
Additionally, they can park free in the two specially-marked bays reserved for the physically handicapped immediately behind the west wing of the City Hall, if not already being used by a disabled person and caregiver with a Disabled Person's Badge - but for a limited period only, for example, an hour or two or three, definitely not all day.
See under Churches.
Beacon Street, off Cedar Avenue. From 1 August 2003, a hidden park with a new lease of life and newly planted endemic trees.
Landmark city churches include:
Cathedral of the Most Holy Trinity. Anglican, Episcopalian. Church Street, between Cedar Avenue and Parliament Street. Known simply by most locals as the Bermuda Cathedral. It gave the name of the street to the town. The most imposing edifice in Bermuda, with no commercial or private building allowed to block a view of it. It is the nearest Anglican or Episcopalian church for business or vacation visitors in parishes nearby and the setting for official ceremonies, state funerals and tasteful musical events. There is at least one Anglican church in every parish. Admission is free but for Monday-Saturday admission to its Cathedral Tower for city views from 10 am to 2 pm, there is a per-person charge. Tickets for the latter are from the Cathedral Shop. History: Under the direction of Bishop Feild, a plot of land where the Cathedral now stands, was bought for £25 from the Corporation of Hamilton with the intention of building a much-needed church for the town which was rapidly expanding as the capital of Bermuda. But the church, which took 39 years to build, was burnt down a year after its completion by an arsonist. Plans to rebuild the church were immediately submitted after it was considered too costly to try to restore the original church. The church vestry accepted designs by ecclesiastical architect William Hay of the Scottish firm, Hay & Henderson, for a larger church capable of seating 1,200. Mr Hay, of Edinburgh, was also the architect for Government House in Pembroke Parish. There was already a strong association between the Mayor of Hamilton, Thomas Reid and Mr. Hay. Mr. Reid, originally from Scotland, was the nephew of William Hay's wife and had been educated by Mr. Hay in Canada. In July 1885, Mr. Reid, who was also Secretary of the Building Committee and responsible for spearheading the campaign to build the new church, went to Scotland at his own expense to confer with his uncle, Mr. Hay, and to discuss the recruitment of skilled workmen. Upon his return, it was agreed by the Building Committee that the new church would consist of a nave, north and south porches, a central tower and a choir. It was also decided that the size of the church would be increased to cope with the growing population of the Island as by 1885, Bermuda had become increasingly important as a leading naval station of the British Empire and popular as a winter retreat for visitors. A year after the fire, the remains of the old Trinity Church were cleared and work began on what is today known as the Cathedral Church of the Most Holy Trinity. Members of the Building Committee researched at length the type of stone best suited to the proposed size of the church. It was eventually decided that stone cut from the Par-la-Ville quarry, not far from the building site, was the best on the Island and the quarry was freely tendered by James Perot. Other stonework was Caen stone from France, Nova Scotia freestone and Scottish granite.
In May 1886, the foundation stone was laid by Chairman of the Building Committee, the Right Reverend Llewellyn Jones, Bishop of Newfoundland and Bermuda. Eight years later, the church, still unfinished, was given the status of the Cathedral Church of the Diocese by an act of the Bermuda Legislature. In 1911, the completed church was consecrated as the Cathedral of the Most Holy Trinity by Bishop Jones on St. Thomas Day. According to a local historian, a special committee visited the Archbishop of Canterbury in 1924 to discuss at length, Bermuda's future within the Anglican Church. While the Archbishop considered Bermuda too small to be made a separate diocese, representatives from Bermuda, Canon Henry Marriott, Rev. A.V. Sullivan and Hon. Harry Watlington, argued otherwise saying: "Bermuda possessed an importance altogether out of proportion to its size; that politically and commercially, it had stood alone all that time, and that therefore, the great majority of the Synod strongly wishes Bermuda to remain separate and distinct ecclesiastically.'' The Archbishop finally agreed, and the following year, Bermuda's first Bishop, the Rev. Dr. Arthur Heber Brown, was enthroned in the Anglican Cathedral.
The church's four different shapes, from left to right.
Until 1839, the Island belonged to the diocese of Nova Scotia. But this was not ideal as the bishops of Nova Scotia rarely visited the Island. In that year, Bermuda and Newfoundland were made one bishopric, first under Bishop Spencer and later under Bishop Edward Feild who came to the Island every three years.
1887: The church is destroyed in a fire set by an arsonist. The ruins of the old church were demolished and work began on the Cathedral Church of The Most Holy Trinity.
1905: The tower was completed.
1911: The Cathedral was consecrated by the Rt. Rev. Llewellyn Jones, Bishop of Newfoundland and Bermuda.
1925: Bermuda became a separate diocese, no longer part of Nova Scotia. The Rt. Rev. Arthur Browne, Bermuda's first Bishop, was consecrated by the Archbishop of Canterbury in Westminster Abbey on June 11.
1949: The Rt. Rev. John Arthur Jagoe is enthroned as Bermuda's second Bishop.
1956: The Rt. Rev. Anthony Williams was consecrated in Westminster Abbey, London. The Cathedral bell was restored by Mr. Sidney Spurling after its housing was destroyed by a hurricane.
1959: As part of Bermuda's 350th anniversary celebrations, an appeal for 20,000 was launched by Bishop Jagoe and the Cathedral Chapter to insert a "reredos'' -- an ornamental screen -- behind the High Altar and to build a chapter room, choir vestries and chapter office.
1961: Miss Byllee Lang of Canada began work on the reredos. The cost of the central figure with six supporting figures was £150,000.
1963: The Rt. Rev. John Armstrong was enthroned as Bermuda's fourth Bishop.
1964: Plans for new vestries and a chapter house were prepared by architects Mr. James Gardner and Mr. Hinson Cooper.
1965: A memorial service for Sir Winston Churchill is held at the Cathedral on January 30.
1966: Restoration of the fabric of the Cathedral begins when master masons arrived from England.
1967: Mr. Thomas Bowie was commissioned to complete the figures of the reredos at his studio in Washington Lane after the death of Miss Lang. The west door is dedicated to the Rt. Rev. John Jagoe.
1968: The Archbishop of Canterbury delivered the sermon at a Thanksgiving Service for the restoration of the Cathedral. Restoration work was almost finished at a cost of £58,688.
1970: The Rt. Rev. Eric Trapp, Bermuda's fifth Bishop, was enthroned in the Cathedral. Work began on the maintenance of the organ.
1972: The Cathedral Hall was opened by the Mayor of Hamilton, the Rt. Wor.
1974: A new baptistry was donated by the Butterfield family in memory of Doris Butterfield.
1976: Bermuda's sixth Bishop, The Rt. Rev. and Rt. Hon. Robert Wright Stopford was enthroned on February 8. He died in August the same year.
1977: The Warriors Chapel in memory of those Bermudians who served in the two World Wars, was dedicated by the Rev. Canon Peter Hartley for the use of military personnel of all nations and as a memorial to Bishop Stopford. Rev. Anselm Genders was enthroned in the Cathedral.
1978: Plans were drawn up to restore the west end of the Cathedral and the tower. An appeal committee was formed. The first Cathedral Walkathon in aid of the restoration fund raised $6,511.92. An exorcist, the Rev. Dr. Donald Omand, visited Bermuda and attempted to exorcise the Bermuda Triangle. The Corporation of Hamilton was granted permission to set traps in the tower to catch pigeons. Repairs to the interior of the Cathedral were estimated to cost $75,000.
1979: Work on the organ was begun by restorer, Mr. Thaddeus Outerbridge. The Archbishop of Canterbury visited Bermuda in October.
1982: Bishop Genders resigned.
1983: The Rt. Rev. Gerald Ellison became Vicar General of the Diocese of Bermuda.
1984: Rev. Ellison returned to England after a one year tenure in Bermuda. The Rt. Rev. Christopher Luxmoore was the first Bishop of Bermuda to be consecrated in Chichester Cathedral.
1985: Bishop Luxmoore is enthroned as the eighth Bishop of Bermuda. Canon James Francis became the first Bermudian Canon Residentiary at the Cathedral.
1986: The diocesan flag and flagpole were dedicated in memory of the Marques, the tall ship which disappeared off Bermuda in June, 1984 with 17 crew members on board. The new diocesan office was completed.
1988: The Most Rev. Brian Hennessy, Catholic Bishop of Hamilton took part in the ordination of Rev. William Hayward at the Cathedral.
1989: Bishop Luxmoore resigned as Bishop of Bermuda.
1990: The Rt. Rev. William Down, Bermuda's ninth Bishop was enthroned on March 25. Princess Margaret visited the Cathedral on November 4.
1991: The Living Landmark Appeal was launched to fund the restoration of the Cathedral on October 1.
1993: Nine Canadian Bishops visited the Cathedral. The City of Hamilton celebrated its 200th anniversary with a service in the Cathedral on June 11.
1994: Prince Philip visited the Cathedral. The Cathedral celebrates its Centenary.
1995: Bishop Down resigned as Bishop of Bermuda.
1996: Father Ewen Ratteray, was enthroned as the Island's tenth Bishop on May 19, making history as the first Bermudian to hold that post. (There has since been another Bermudian Bishop).
Hamilton Citadel. Salvation Army.
St. Andrew's. Presbyterian. Church Street.
St. Paul. AME.
St. Theresa's. Roman Catholic Bermuda Cathedral. Cedar Avenue at Elliott Street. The seat of the Bishopric of the Roman Catholic Church of Bermuda, another City landmark. It was built in 1927 out of Bermuda stone, in Spanish Mission style. It replaced an earlier church gutted by arson. It is for all who live or stay as visitors in adjacent Parishes. Details of services are in the Saturday editions of the daily and weekly newspapers.
Seventh Day Adventist.
17 Church Street, telephone 292-1234, the administrative center and offices of the Corporation of Hamilton (see below). Opened by Governor Sir Julian Alvery Gascoigne, KCMG, on 11 February 1960. It operates the city with a Mayor and in descending order of rank, Aldermen and Common Councilors. Its construction was made possible by the late Miss Catherine Browne Tucker, who bequeathed a substantial sum to the Corporation for the building of a City Hall in memory of her father, George Somers Tucker. He was a former Alderman of the town and Speaker of the House of Assembly. It is in the heart of Hamilton, on the site of the former Hamilton Hotel, Bermuda's first major hostelry (it burnt down many decades ago and was never rebuilt), and modeled after the City Hall of Stockholm, Sweden.
It was designed by Bermudian architect Will Onions, best remembered for domestic residences. In addition to housing the Corporation of Hamilton, it is the home of the City Hall Theatre (phone 292-2313), Bermuda Society of Arts Gallery and Bermuda National Gallery.
Magnificent tall Bermuda cedar doors lead into the main lobby. Inside, a large and controversial portrait of Her Majesty the Queen by Curtis Hooper is on the wall on the way upstairs. A superb cedar staircase leads to the West Exhibition Room where art collections of the Bermuda National Gallery and Bermuda Society of Arts, chandeliers and more are displayed. Note the two large oil paintings of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. They are believed to be the only two copies of original portraits in the Royal Palace of Windsor, in Berkshire, England.
Note the weather vane and wind direction indicator on the tower with a bronze replica of the 17th century vessel Sea Venture as the crown. The vessel brought the first colonists in 1609. There have been periodic exhibitions of postage stamps on Bermuda and a display of ships crests - hundreds of them - from every Royal Navy warship that served on the Bermuda and West Indies Station and visited Bermuda. The reception area also has on public view an excellent philatelic collection - Bermuda postage stamps of the 20th century - donated to the Corporation by author and columnist Colin Benbow and an exhibition of Bermuda currency - notes and coins - from the Bermuda Monetary Authority.
Outside are fountains in a reflective lily pool stocked with goldfish. Disabled persons will find a disabled-friendly access way outside and also inside to the small but nice theater on the western side, always busy with one amateur or professional production or another. Those who cannot walk up the stairs will find an elevator a little to the right of the main entrance.
Distinguished visitors to the City Hall have included Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II and His Royal Highness Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (both in1975, plus he has visited it in April 1969 during construction); His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales; Her Royal Highness the late Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon; The Right Hon. The Earl of Snowdon; Her Royal Highness Princess Alice; Her Royal Highness Princess Alexandria; His Royal Highness The Duke of Gloucester; former President of the USA Harry S. Truman (in 1961, when he signed the Visitors Book as a "Retired Farmer"); former British Prime Minister The Right Hon. Margaret Thatcher; and the Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr. Michael Ramsey.
In the City Hall ground-floor administrative offices of the Corporation of Hamilton are the Mayor's Parlor, where the Mayor has his office.
Outside City Hall is a statue, eight feet tall, cast in New York City, put there in 2008 to honor Bermudians who took a stand against the social segregation that existed in the island with the Theatre Boycott, the watershed event that forever changed Bermuda and ended the institutionalized segregation which existed here at that time. The boycott, organized by the Progressive Group and its leader Dr. Stanley Ratteray, began on June 15, 1959 and lasted two weeks until July 2 when theatre, hotel and restaurant owners capitulated. They announced that black people could sit wherever they wanted in cinemas and that people would no longer be turned away from restaurants or hotels because of the colour of their skin. The Progressive Group had been meeting in secret in a Flatts home owned by Rosalind and Edouard Williams in the weeks leading up to the boycott. They planned the action taken and publicized it by dispersing flyers around the island, advising people to stay away from the theatres. They wanted a total transformation of Bermuda society and to end the social injustices of the time. The statue was commissioned from Bermudian sculptor Chesley Trott.
Mayor since May 8, 2015. Charles Gosling, re-elected, a previous mayor from from July 17, 2009 to May 2012. In addition to the post of mayor, seven candidates put their names forward to represent the city’s four residential councilor seats. The successful councillors were RoseAnn Edwards; Carlton Johnson; Henry Ming and George Scott. They will serve as municipal residents’ councillors. The new councillors will join Nicholas Swan, Lawrence Scott, John Harvey and Dennis Tucker, who won their seats automatically as the only candidates nominated for the business ratepayer’s seats.
Charles Gosling, re-elected May 2015 as Mayor
Corporation of Hamilton Secretary and Chief Operating Officer: Edward Benevides, e-mail EBenevides@cityhall.bm.
Corporation Committees are each chaired by an Alderman. There are also Common Councilors.
The Corporation employs about 120 staff and is responsible for the administration and maintenance of the City of Hamilton, including multi-million plans for a new waterfront. Taxes on businesses and homes account for about 40 percent of its revenue, with the majority of the rest coming from wharfage fees on all goods passing through Hamilton port and parking charges and fines. The city has long-term plans - possibly as long as 20 years, for some or all of the following to be built or improved. They include a new jetty for cruise ships with a waterfront theatre, open-air amphitheatre and park, retail space, a conference centre, an underground car park and restaurants; a land reclamation project and new ferry terminal.
The Corporation has an annual budget of $20+ million.
Since October 2009 The Corporation of Hamilton has opened its Board meetings to the public. The Meetings are held monthly at the Mayor’s Parlour.
Consult Corporation Secretary for details of most recent taxes. Major items are
Assets, liabilities and surplus
For further details, contact City Hall.
Just west of and facing City Hall, this is bounded by Victoria Street, Church Street, Washington Lane and Wesley Street, with the City Hall and its municipal car park adjacent. Office buildings front the square. Many international businesses registered in Bermuda have insurance captives, management, reinsurance, investment, shipping and service companies here.
The city is Bermuda's biggest shopping center by a very wide margin. See Bermuda's Employers. Visitors to Bermuda will notice an almost complete absence of all major American, British UK or Canadian or other-country department and smaller regular stores and supermarkets. There are no Aldi, B&Q, Costco, Curry's, Dollarama, Dollar Giant, JC Penney, John Lewis, KMart, Kohl's, Lidl, Marshall's, Macy's, Meijer, Neiman Marcus, Nordstom, Sak's, Sam's Club, Sainsbury, Selfridge's, Target, Tesco, T. J. Maxx, Zeller's, Walmart, W. H. Smith, or any of the expensive, exclusive international stores now seen in many world financial and/or fashion centers. However, there is a locally-franchised Marks and Spencer's. You'll also notice an almost complete absence of typical American, British, Canadian and other chainstore diners or restaurants.
There's a reason for this. Bermuda stores must by local law be independent of any foreign-owned (including British-UK) majority holding and be at least 60% overall beneficially owned by Bermudians (not a local requirement in most other cruise ship and offshore or onshore business jurisdictions). Once, but no longer, especially before the 1990s when two superb Bermuda stores, now both extinct, H. A. & E. Smith and Trimingham Bros, side-by-side, albeit both locally-owned, were the principal ingredients of a once-local but of world-standard international shopping mecca. Today, the Bermuda Government administering the world's wealthiest nation according to the World Bank will not change its principal way of creating revenue - a customs duty rate on all imports (98% of all goods) far higher than import duties in USA, UK or Canada.
This is also why goods brought in Bermuda are not duty-free to residents or visitors and especially now with significant new import duty rates announced from October 2011 and with more since then- see http://www.bermuda-online.org/Bermudadutyfree.htm - are only very rarely always priced competitively when compared to the USA. Bermuda is lovely and unique in many respects but - like in the UK including Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, Norway and most of Europe - no longer in shopping bargains for business visitors, cruise ship or airline tourists and professional working newcomers. A good indication of the average size of local stores and their purchasing power in favor of consumers is in the number of retail stores in Bermuda - 375 in total. They employ about 4,800 people, an average of about 13 persons per outlet. Another increasingly important factor is the up-to-date standing, prices quoted on, shipping capability shown and overall quality of their websites. But some nice products from Bermuda and around the world can certainly be obtained locally. Prices in the City of Hamilton, Town of St. George and Dockyard are the same for outlets with branches in all three local ports.
No off-the-shelf duty-free liquor is available, such as in the Caribbean.
A major city artery. It goes north from Front Street to Pembroke Marsh. In its first two blocks, it borders the grounds of both the Cabinet Building and Sessions House. It has been called Court Street since 1849, from the courthouse at Sessions House which was the scene in 1835 when seventy eight slaves from the American brig Enterprise were set free under Bermuda's Emancipation law of 1834. Most remained in Bermuda. Today, the street is where the Bermuda Police and Courts are located (see photo above) and also a potpourri of smaller stores, restaurants and services. Look for some interesting buildings architecturally. It is a cultural experience and shopping excursion for the visitor who is not timid. Also see Uptown Market Association below.
Hamilton cruise ship berths and terminal (left)
There are no areas in the city where large ships anchor and take passengers ashore by tender. Cruise ships small enough - no longer than 700 feet in length - to be berthed in this city do so on Front Street, where passengers who are not disabled can go from their ships to the center of the city in an easy walk. The berths are at # 1 Passenger Terminal (with an elevator for the disabled) and 5 and 6 Passenger Terminals (not with elevators for the disabled).
Since 2010, Holland America Line mid-size cruise ships have sailed on regularly scheduled cruises between New York City and this city. Holland America, founded in 1873, with appreciably more than a century of experience, is the only premium cruise line with smaller and mid-size ships that calls in both Hamilton and St. George's, Bermuda's cultural and shopping hubs. Holland America Line worked closely with the Bermudian government to form the partnership that takes Holland America Line back to the island that it first visited more than 70 years ago. In 1926, Veendam II, with a guest capacity of approximately 500, left New York on the company's first Caribbean cruise. During the summers of 1930 and 1931, Veendam II sailed on five-day roundtrip cruises between New York and Bermuda. Holland America is owned by Carnival.
In June 2012, following a suggestion made since 2010 by this author, Hamilton began a WIFI system to provide internet access to residents and visitors alike, in a long-much-needed new joint venture with TeleBermuda International Limited (TBI) and the City of Hamilton. The system was successfully tested a few days earlier on Bermuda Day May 24, 2012. This is a good service for non-cruise-ship and cruise ship visitors to escape high-cost yet slow on-board WIFI or wired Internet services, together with anyone who may work in the city and want to ensure they have fast, reliable onshore internet access without being confined to an office and desk. The system is similar to the one TBI currently operates throughout Dockyard. It is not free to visitors but provided by the City of Hamilton and offered to local merchants and restaurants in the city at daily, weekly and monthly prices in the hope that in return for the services purchased from them by tourists and visitors including cruise ship visitors they will offer WIFI for free or at a moderate charge.
In November 1973 Hamilton's container dock # 8, and an extension of container dock # 7, were officially opened. Since then, there have been constant improvements.
(Phone 292-2313). See City Hall. Formerly the City Hall Theatre. Renamed in October 2012 by the City of Hamilton in honour of the celebrated Bermudian screen and stage actor Earl Cameron. The decision was made in recognition of Mr Cameron’s long career, which began on the London stage in 1942. Widely considered the Island’s most accomplished actor, Mr Cameron is also renowned as one of the first black actors to star in a film — 1951’s ‘Pool of London.’ Mr Cameron, in his late 90s, resides currently in the UK. In 2009, he was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE).
See under Hamilton Ferry Terminal.
On Front Street at the junction with Burnaby Hill. A Hamilton landmark for over a century. The focal point for local parades and ceremonies such as the Queen's Birthday parade by the Bermuda Regiment (of 75% conscripted soldiers), with a permanent reviewing stand at its base. It is the tallest of all Bermuda's flagstaffs.
Note the distinctive colonial architecture of the principal or main street of this affluent city. Mid-size cruise ships tie up opposite here. This famous street is Bermuda's main shopping area. A little-advertised fact is that probably closer to cruise ships than in any other cruise port anywhere in the world. The ferry terminal, parade area, banks, liquor stores and more stores are on this street. Once - but no more unfortunately, two of the most famous British colonial stores in the world, H. A. & E Smith Ltd and Trimingham Brothers Ltd, both of which once made Bermuda internationally famous for their goods and services - were located here. They closed down for good, the last one in 2005, and their premises have now been absorbed by other entities. However, banks, restaurants and taverns and more are nearby. Shoppers should note that unlike in other jurisdictions and their cities and towns, branches of prominent American, British, Canadian or other chain or premium stores are not allowed.
Church Street at Parliament
Street, opposite the Sessions House. Bermuda's main post office. Owned and operated by the Bermuda
Government. It operates Monday-Friday, except Public Holidays. Postage stamps can be bought
and mail can be sent from here. Philatelists can order, or get on a mailing list for, details of Bermuda stamps or First Day Covers.
Visitors from North America and United Kingdom should note post offices in
Bermuda currently lack many of the services offered by the UK
Post Office - such as home phone services at reduced cost, travel arrangements,
payment of licenses, parcels' preparation boxes and stationary, etc. It is from the General Post
Office that two Bermuda Government-owned and operated courier
services operate. One is the Government Courier Service which handles general
mail between Government departments. The other is the Diplomatic Courier
Service, which concerns itself only with highly sensitive Government
documents. Here, and at all other Bermuda Post Offices island-wide, post
office boxes can be rented. The
advantages of renting a post box include 24 hour-a-day availability compared to
less reliable five days a week postal home delivery, low annual rental fees,
faster delivery of mail, and protection from theft. The annual post box
rental fees are $85, $120 and $300 for small, medium and large-sized boxes
respectively. Payments can be made in cash, by cheque or by debit and credit
card at any post office around the Island, as well as online at
8 Front Street, Pembroke, City of Hamilton. Bermuda's main ferry service centre for all public transportation information. For more information, including other ferries going to Paget and Warwick, see Bermuda Transportation for Visitors. Near the bus stop. Ferries are owned, operated and staffed by the Department of Marine and Ports Services of the Bermuda Government. Ferries are for passengers, bicycles, scooters & mopeds. The new fast catamaran ferries "Serenity" and "Resolute" are accessible to the disabled - note the slight step for a wheelchair and note below - and have bathrooms. They take local commuters and visitors to and from specified ferry docks in the western Parishes, and to and from the town of St. George. Here at the terminal, visitors and residents can buy bus and ferry transportation passes valid for one single or return trip or for one, three or seven days.
Locals and visitors can shop at many stores with special late closing hours (7:00 pm to 10 pm), eat and listen to island culture. An initiative of the Bermuda Chamber of Commerce. Every Wednesday 24 weeks a year from April or May through August or September. With different free entertainment.
See Sessions House.
See Bermuda Laws.
Parliament Street. They are in the Judicial Department of the Bermuda Government and include the Attorney General, Solicitor General, Director of Prosecutions, Chief Justice, Assistant Justice, Puisne Judge, magistrates and support staff. They include Magistrates Courts, Supreme Court and Court of Appeal. They and the Law Library are at telephone (441) 292-1350. The Judiciary is paid for 100% by the Bermuda Government, is on its payroll and is therefore not independent of the government. The Registry of the Supreme Court is at 113 Front Street, Hamilton HM 11. Magistrates Courts are on Parliament Street, in the Old Post Office, at telephone (441) 295-5151 extension 1230. The Supreme Court and Court of Appeal are at Sessions House on Parliament Street. The Supreme Court, was originally with three, now has four and will accept to five Justices. Most are not Bermudian, has ceremonial occasions. The Chief Justice and other officers of the Court wear wigs and gowns. The Court of Appeal has boosted its numbers from 5 to 6. Courts are open to the public on weekdays when in session. Session days and jury selection days are posted. Under the Jurors Act 1971, a list of those eligible for jury duty is published periodically. Some are excluded from jury duty, for example if they are or were police or reserve police members.
Queen Street, at the junction with Reid Street. Adjacent to Par-la-Ville Park, named after William B. Perot who once owned it.
The premises were restored by the Bermuda Government, which does not own (the Corporation of Hamilton does) but has operated it since 1959 as a branch post office of the General Post Office. It was done in 1959 as the year of the 350th anniversary of the settlement of Bermuda by the British.
Open Mondays to Fridays from 9:00 am to 5:00 pm. Since 1842, small but of great historical and philatelic significance. Perot, nineteenth century first Postmaster of the city and Assemblyman of French Huguenot extraction, hand printed Bermuda's first postage stamp from here in 1848 and produced the second British Empire "colonial" stamp. One was sold in November, 1985, for $92,000. A photograph of the famous stamp is on display inside.
Perot built his home adjacent, in the Par La Ville building now housing the Bermuda Historical Society, next to the Bermuda National Library. He ran this little post office on the edge of his estate until 1862 when he retired.
Thanks entirely to him, Bermuda was the second - not the first as is alleged locally - British colony (after Mauritius, with its 1847 Penny Red and Two Pence Blue stamps) to have its own stamps. Perot also inaugurated the first house-to-house delivery of mail in Hamilton. He was married to the former Susanna Butterfield Granbery Stowe and fathered 11 children, nine of whom survived.
His portrait, and that of his wife, in the
possession of the Bermuda Historical Society, are on each side of the main
doorway of the Library and Society's Par-la-Ville building as you exit.
Photo: Keith A. Forbes
This famous city landmark is on Reid Street. A Howard Post Clock, it was first imported from Boston, Massachusetts, in 1893 by merchant Duncan Doe, a watchmaker and jeweler at 59 Front Street (at Chancery Lane). He advertised his craft via the ornate timepiece. It has been owned by the local Phoenix group of pharmacies for decades. For years, it was located on Queen Street before it was relocated to Reid Street. It runs via a pendulum and after not working for sometime it was repaired in May 2009 by a craftsman from Massachusetts. (See Royal Gazette photo, right).
Visitors from Massachusetts in particular may be fascinated by the clock's history. The E. Howard & Co. clock and Watch company was formed by Edward Howard and Charles Rice in 1858 after the demise of the Boston Watch Company. They bought the existing stock but were unable to buy the existing factory so they moved to Roxbury. They decided to concentrate on high quality watches using unique designs. The business was famous for high grade watches, regulators, and marine clocks. The E. Howard Watch & Clock Company was formed as a joint stock corporation on December 1, 1881 to succeed an earlier firm of similar name founded by Edward Howard (1813-1904). Howard, a clockmaking apprentice of Aaron Willard, Jr. had commenced business with David P. Davis, manufacturing high-grade wall clocks under the name of Howard & Davis in 1842. They also became known for their manufacture of sewing machines, fire engines and precision balances. About 1843, with a third partner, Luther Stephenson, they began to also manufacture tower clocks.
In 1857, David P. Davis left the firm and Howard & Davis was dissolved and was succeeded by E. Howard & Company. Both Howard and Davis had also been involved in watch manufacturing, somewhat unsuccessfully, since 1850, In 1857-8, Edward Howard finished and sold left over "Model 1857" material from the Boston Watch Co. under the name "Howard & Rice." In December of 1858, Howard finally bought out Rice's interest and began manufacturing watches of a new design, signed "E. Howard & Co." While the company name changed several times during the firm's watch-making history, all watches it made continued to be signed "E. Howard & Co." throughout, with only minor exceptions. The Howard firm established itself as perhaps the premier American manufacturer of luxury watches from 1858 into the 1890s.
On March 24, 1861 the clock and watch businesses were combined into one joint stock corporation, the Howard Clock & Watch Company, which failed in 1863. Thereafter, Howard formed a new company called the Howard Watch & Clock Company (transposing clock & watch) on October 1, 1863, which was successful for some years but was reorganized in 1881 after financial setbacks of a few years previous.
In 1881, Edward Howard sold out his personal interests and retired, leaving the firm to new management. This firm continued the manufacture of many clock styles, primarily weight driven wall timepieces and regulators of fine quality. Watch manufacturing ceased in 1903, when the Howard name in association with watches was sold to the Keystone Watch Case Co. Keystone purchased the defunct US Watch Co. factory building in Waltham Mass. (The US Watch Co. of Waltham is not to be confused with an earlier company of the same name in Marion, NJ.) There Keystone manufactured watches signed "E. Howard Watch Co." These watches were of new designs and unlike those of the original Howard company. Clocks were manufactured at Roxbury, a part of Boston, but in the early 1930s the operation was moved to Waltham, MA.
See under "Toilets."
Originally Par-la-Ville Park and Gardens. Now renamed. Off Queen Street, this is a nice small, central, relaxing garden park within walking distance of cruise ship berths and public transportation (ferries and the city bus terminal). The official renaming ceremony was held on April 21, 2012 in celebration of The Queen’s Diamond Jubilee. Some locals and visitors wanted to keep the original name but were outvoted by the Corporation of Hamilton city fathers who stated it was a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity the city had to celebrate the diamond jubilee of a reigning monarch.
Par la Ville, housing the Bermuda Historical Society, July 2009 photo by author exclusively for Bermuda Online taken from the park.Buildings there include Par la Ville (see photo above), the Corporation of Hamilton-owned property that houses the Bermuda Historical Society (see above) and next to it in a separate but connected building the Bermuda National Library (also see above, to the right). Disabled persons in wheelchairs should take the disabled-friendly left hand route after the Bermuda Historical Society building to avoid the steps. Sit or stroll in gardens of trees, shrubs and flowers. It has one of Bermuda's famous Moongates, a limestone built arch bringing good luck to lovers and newly weds who step through it. In the 19th century, it was an orange orchard, with some 40,000 boxes shipped to Boston alone in one year. Later, Bermuda stone was quarried from here to build the Cathedral of the Most Holy Trinity. The huge rubber tree at the entrance was imported as a suckling from British Guiana (now Guyana) and planted in 1847. When Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain) got to like Bermuda so much he made it his second home, he joked that he was disappointed in this tree because it didn't bear a crop of rubber hot water bottles and overshoes.
See Bermuda cuisine.
Three views of Royal Bermuda Yacht Club
Albuoy's Point. Telephone 295 2214 or fax 295 6361. This private, internationally known sailing club applied in July 2008 for permission for a seven-storey building where the present clubhouse resides. It has been housed at this Hamilton property since 1933. In earlier days a hotel had been situated here (see old photo below), which the yacht club replaced. The RBYC was established in November, 1844 by 30 men, many in the British Army and Royal Navy Both had active yachtsmen posted to Bermuda. In 1845 a British peer, Lord Mark Kerr, then a captain in the 20th Regiment of the British Army, became the club's first commodore. The club first met in the Town of St. George and moved later to this town - before it became a city. In about 1998 the club spent almost $2.5 million to add around 100 new moorings at the club to the previous 25. Currently, if you are an international member, or friend of a local member and a yachtsman or women and can qualify in other respects too, you can both stay and eat here at club rates. See many yachts moored, especially after one of the famous annual ocean races involving over 160 ocean-going yachts. It is the host for many other sailing events.
Sessions House, or House of Assembly. Royal Gazette photos.Church, Court and Parliament Streets. The building was erected in 1817, initially as a four-square Georgian structure, not long after Hamilton, instead of St. George's, became the capital. It was deliberately placed then atop the highest ground in the city, not far from the Anglican Cathedral. In 1817, once the building was completed, the British authorities in Bermuda brought out from storage and placed in a prominent place in the building some rather valuable paintings with a unique history. They were paintings captured by British forces who had sailed from Bermuda in 1814 to attack and burn the US Presidential Mansion in Washington DC in relation for the burning by the Americans of the City of York (later, Toronto, in Canada). The latter, having had no further use for them, had put the paintings in a nearby warehouse. The US Presidential Mansion was so badly charred by the fire of the British flames that it became necessary, since then, to both whitewash it and rename it as The White House. When British naval forces, which had commenced the operation from Bermuda in 1814, returned to Bermuda from Washington, they brought with them these portraits of King George III, and his wife, Queen Charlotte. These portraits have hung here, ever since.
To coincide with the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria in 1887, it was embellished substantially on its southern ceremonial front, complete with towering arches, very possibly by the Scottish architect William Hay who designed the Anglican Cathedral not far away on Church Street. Bermuda's Westminster style Parliament, referred to locally as the House of Assembly, meets here, upstairs, while the Supreme Court meets on the ground floor. It has 35 elected and paid members for 38,000 registered voters in 21 square miles. (A further 11 are appointed, also paid politicians, in the Senate but for a far lower salary). The total number of Bermuda's legislators is 46, one for every 800 or so registered voters, 14 times the average ratio of legislators to voters in North America and Europe. There are long periods when the House is not in session. The Speaker of the House wears a formal wig and gown, in the British tradition. Visitors may attend in the public gallery.
It is from this building that all Bermuda's laws are enacted. While Bermuda is a (nominal) British Overseas Territory (similar in certain respects to the United States Virgin Islands), all Bermuda's laws are enacted here, by Bermudian legislators, not in London
Artist's impression of planned new hotel. When built, it will be the first hotel actually within city limits for over 82 years.
The idea of building a hotel on the car park at the corner of Church Street and Par-La-Ville overlooking the park has been in existence for years but has suffered a number of stalled efforts despite speculative interests previously. Once expected to be completed by 2013 but in 2014 still without external or local financing. The Bermuda Government has lent its full support and offered legislation to help the developer secure full financing. Michael MacLean of Par-la-Ville Hotels and Residences Ltd which is developing the $350 million project, has been seeking a $15 million bridge loan in order to secure a full financing arrangement. City Hall had been willing to use some of its land to guarantee the loan. Plans for a hotel at the Par-la-Ville were first announced in 2007 with Ritz Carlton then involved. They later declined. Starwood Hotels and Resorts, which owns the luxury St Regis brand, was named as a new partner in 2009 when it was stated the hotel would open in 2013. It was originally hoped to build a 656,000 sq ft, 137-room hotel, 95 luxury residences, and three levels of underground parking. It will now likely be at least 2016 before the smaller 140-room, 80-residence St Regis resort can be completed. With its prime position in the centre of Hamilton’s financial district and directly across the road from the Bermuda Stock Exchange, it was anticipated the hotel will attract a high proportion of business clientele.
If/when built, It will be the first major luxury hotel to open in the city. The hotel has "in principle" planning approval and will be nine storeys high on the Church Street side and ten storeys on the Par-La-Ville side, with three levels of underground parking. Development partners were last noted as Virginia-based Unified Resorts Limited and New York-based Sagewood Investments LLC. The land the hotel will be built on is owned by the Corporation of Hamilton.
Victoria Park. Photo by author exclusively for Bermuda OnlineNorth of the City Hall, across Victoria Street and Cedar Avenue. An attractive little city park, well worth seeing for visitors, only a short walk from the centre of the city. open daily from 8 am to sunset. It has manicured lawns, sunken garden and ornamental shrubbery, with mature specimens of trees and shrubs. Before the park was created, then refurbished in the 1880's for Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee, the area was known as Deane's Bottom, after a rotund Mr. Dean. Bandstand shown at right is of special historic and cultural interest. As the historic photograph shows it was originally imported from Scotland in 1899 to celebrate Queen Victoria's Jubilee in pomp and style and placed in the park named in her honour. In Victorian days, bands from British Army regiments at Fort Prospect (decommissioned in 1953) in Devonshire Parish gave public concerts here regularly. Today, the bandstand is still used for concerts. In mid 2008, the bandstand disappeared, only temporarily. The Corporation of Hamilton wanted to assess the condition of the 109-year-old structure and set out to find experts to examine the landmark. It was packed off to Scotland for repairs, due to deterioration. It may be that the bandstand is the only one left of its original model. Charles Laing and Sons, a Scottish restoration company specializing in ironworks, made the repairs and renovations. They found the structure in good condition, but with plenty of room for improvement, with two banister segments and a gate missing, along with a damaged column. Research led them to the discovery that prior to the bandstand being erected, it was left laying on its side for several months as a wave of bad weather struck the Island.. Along with the replacement of the barristers and gate and repair work done to the column, the restorations have improved the ceiling of the structure which is designed to work as a loudspeaker. The restoration was completed and the bandstand returned to the park by April 2009 for the Island's 400th anniversary and June 2009, for use for an awards ceremony for the Tall Ships visiting the Island as part of its 400th anniversary celebrations.
A very significant structure of this peaceful park is the War Memorial. It records the names of Bermudian soldiers and airmen who fought and died for Great Britain in the Great War (World War 1).
The narrow public pedestrian-only lane that runs from Church Street on and opposite the City Hall down to Reid Street, bisecting the Washington Mall. On both sides are Washington Mall stores and restaurants.
A large multi-floor shopping mall, with entrances from Reid, Church Streets and Washington Alley. It is owned by Washington Properties Ltd.
|City of Hamilton||Hamilton Parish||Paget Parish||Pembroke Parish||Sandys Parish|
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Last Updated: July
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