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By Keith Archibald Forbes (see About Us) at e-mail exclusively for Bermuda Online
When referring to this particular web file, please use "bermuda-online.org/seniorcitizens.htm" as your Subject.
In Bermuda, the Ministry of Health and Family Services is The Bermuda Government ministry with responsibility for health and welfare for all including seniors and disabled. Its mission is to promote and maintain the physical, mental and social well-being of the 64,300 permanent residents of Bermuda in its 21 square miles of land area. Bermuda may be only 21 square miles in total land area, an extremely small part of the world in geographic measurement. But it is so affluent that the World Bank has reported Bermuda as the third most affluent country in the world in Gross National Income (GNI) per capita. Bermuda is third only to Monaco and Liechtenstein, exceeding other offshore centres like Norway, Switzerland and Luxembourg, and by far higher than the USA, Canada, UK, etc.
Bermuda seniors get merely a small fraction of the social security pensions and other benefits and services of the tax havens and other countries listed below. Those countries spend heavily on their senior citizens to give them an adequate comfort zone in later life. Bermuda spends far more on its government than it does on its senior citizens. Bermuda's seniors who are not rich, not earning an average income of over $60,000 a year or a decent pension, and don't own their own homes (more than 43%) are appallingly badly off compared to seniors in less affluent countries who are looked after far better by their governments.
How they compare, according to the World Bank:
Statistics for Bermuda senior citizens indicate:
35 percent of seniors in Bermuda make less than $28,000 a year, according to the Seniors Test for Ageing and Trends (STATS) survey. These 35% live below the poverty line, at least $2,000 less than the Bermuda poverty line (incomes of $27,000 or less for one-person income households by Government). (In the UK, the poverty line is £151 a week, according to the UK's National Pensioners Convention).
Only 25 percent have incomes between $25,000 and $50,000. Many Bermudian seniors depend solely on their local Social Security (locally, referred to as Social Insurance), unless they, as retired government or private-sector employees, also receive a (much more generous) pension.
78 percent of the seniors population have a medical condition, 80 percent are on medication because of that condition and yet only 44 percent are satisfied or very satisfied with the health care system
When is a senior not a senior? In Europe - including UK, Ireland and all other EEC countries, it is 60. In Bermuda, it is 65 for both women and men and unless one is disabled, one cannot get a Special Persons ID card (the local equivalent of a Senior Citizens Card or Old Age Pensioners' Card) until you are 65.
There is no equivalent in Bermuda, in types of services offered to senior citizens and the disabled, of Age UK - see http://www.ageuk.org.uk/ in the United Kingdom or AARP (American Association of Retired Persons) in the USA or Canadian Association of Retired Persons (see http://www.carp.ca). (There is a local Age Concern entity, concerned about the plight of seniors, active for their financial better quality of life but without the same powers as the AARP in USA and Age UK.
If over 65 and resident in BermudaExemption from Land Tax (introduced by the former - since December 17, 2012 - Progressive Labour Party (PLP) government on January 1, 2005) for Bermudian senior citizen owners of real estate who apply for it, with no means testing. (Generous compared to the UK, where homeowners over 60 do not get the same tax benefit). In February 2012 this benefit was withdrawn by the PLP for the more affluent who have homes at a higher rate of Annual Rentable Value (ARV) than $50,000, meaning effectively worth over £1 million. Since 2013, seniors with properties with ARVs above $50,000 now pay the assessed tax on the portion above the $50,000 threshold.
Free local bus and local ferry travel, if locals have a Special Persons ID. For Senior Citizens/Disabled who can use a bus, free passes are available to Local Residents only with a Special Persons Card. Seniors from abroad without such a card must pay full price. Unlike in the UK, there are no similar concessionary fares for a companion, who may be younger, of someone elderly or disabled/physically handicapped.
50% discount from annual motor vehicle licensing. Since March 2013. Before then seniors were 100% exempted. For those who own their own cars, with no means testing. A far better system than in the UK where only those who qualify through severe disability or as war pensioners get this. However, even with the 50% reduction, those Bermuda seniors who are not disabled pay hugely more than seniors in the UK. Government said there had been abuse of the system, further worsening the issue. Government had considered re-instituting licence fees for only for larger vehicles, but there were concerns that the results could be viewed as discriminatory. As a result, they decided to re-institute fees for all groups of vehicles, but at a discounted rate.
Seniors Learning Centre (see bottom of this sub-site). Discount from some Bermuda College costs.Social Security. Persons on the basic contributory pension plan, more than one in six of the population, receive an average of $1,000 per month. Pensioners with maximum coverage saw their monthly payments increase from $1,385 a month. 74% of the persons currently receiving benefits under the Act receive the basic contributory pension. Approximately 47 percent of the 9,611 seniors covered by the Contributory Pension Fund receive the maximum pension benefit. Those who retired before they achieved the maximum amount do not get this. Those who did not earn enough, even after 19 years, Social Insurance contributions to qualify for a minimum Social Insurance pension get no Social Insurance pension at all, merely a one-time refund of their contributions.
What local senior citizens don't get free from the Bermuda Government
Although the World Bank has rated Bermuda as the world's 3rd most affluent country in per capita income, Bermuda's seniors don't get any free hospitalization, free major medical or free medical prescriptions, unlike senior citizens in the UK, most of Europe, Canada, Australia, New Zealand. To obtain these, they have to pay hugely more than citizens and residents of the USA. The USA is normally the single most expensive country in the world for healthcare and prescriptions but since ObamaCare was enacted nationwide in 2013, senior citizens, especially but not exclusively those on Medicare or Medicaid (both with no Bermuda equivalent) now have an effective cap on their health insurance costs and generally pay no more than about $200 a month. Whereas the equivalent cost to Bermuda senior citizens for similar services and prescriptions is over $650 a month. There is not yet any equivalent to the USA's Affordable Care Act 2013 - see https://www.healthcare.gov/where-can-i-read-the-affordable-care-act/. None of the provisions apply. Nor are there any Patient's Protections of the types listed in the Act.
Hospital Insurance Plan (HIP) or FutureCare (see below) at a very significant cost per month per senior.
On application and with appropriate verification such as a Special Persons ID, Bermuda-resident seniors get special banking services and discounts - mentioned as such in the Seniors Handbook issued by the National Office for Seniors and the Physically Challenged (NOSPC). Contact Bank of Bermuda, Head Office, Front Street, Hamilton HM 11, phone 295-4000, fax 295-7093) for seniors over 65 and Bank of N. T. Butterfield, Head Office, 65 Front Street, Hamilton HM 12, phone 295-1111, fax 295-0656, for seniors over 60. Benefits, depending on bank, may include:
Unlike the United Kingdom, caregivers currently have no protection under any legislation in Bermuda. Nor are they paid anything by the Bermuda Government, unlike in the UK. England and Wales have the Carers and Disabled Children Act (2000). No study has ever been done to date in Bermudaon the hidden cost of caregiving (caring). It is estimated that perhaps 8% of locals, or 5,120, provide the care so vital to helping the approximately 15% of the people of Bermuda who are senior citizens or disabled remain in their homes and community settings. One reason may be that because of the huge prices of local housing and services, space for inactive seniors who cannot pay their way is at a premium in a particularly materialistic society of only 21 square miles where demand is vastly more than supply and rents to non-family members can bring in enough income to more than pay a monthly mortgage or provide much-needed income to a senior citizen. Another reason may be that unlike in the USA, Canada, United Kingdom, Ireland and much of Europe, where senior citizen mothers, mothers, brothers and sisters who live full-time with their children or siblings may be deemed to be dependants for personal income tax purposes of their children and can be claimed in certain circumstances as tax exemptions or tax allowances by their immediate children, no such benefits exist in Bermuda. Nor do any tax benefits exist in Bermuda for senior citizens who need to modify their homes to cater to the needs of ambulatory-disabled feeble or wheelchair-bound disabled.
Overall, as can be seen in the website and listing above and below, the cost of living in Bermuda for seniors is 380% higher than in the USA and 280% higher than in Canada and the UK. For many local seniors, fresh meats, fruits and vegetables are completely unaffordable.
Nominal in Bermuda, see http://www.bermuda-online.org/Bermudadutyfree.htm.
Bermudian and Bermuda-resident retirees over the age of 65 and disabled/physically challenged persons who are younger, can sometimes obtain a discount on a purchase, on production of a Special Persons Permit.
Unlike in UK, Canada and USA where this is not a requirement, all seniors over 65 should note the following:
At 65 years of age, your driver’s licence is renewed every 5 years. After the age of 75, the licence has to be renewed every 2 years.
To renew your licence you must:
• Have a medical examination by a locally registered medical practitioner. The medical form is found in Section C of the Drivers Licence Application. This from can be obtained from the information desk at the Transport Control Department, at your doctor’s office, or downloaded from the TCD website.
• Once completed and signed, the medical form is only valid for 3 months.
• You may come in any morning by 8:30 AM with your completed medical form to be tested for licence renewal. Note: Senior testing at 8:30 AM is available without appointment.
• You will be required to take a driving examination to demonstrate your driving competency. (When arranging a driving test please notify the examination clerk whether you wish to do a zigzag/reversing test or a road test).
• If 8:30 AM is not a convenient time for you, or if you would prefer to test on the road instead of the parking lot, you will need to schedule an appointment with the receptionist.
Hugely expensive for seniors, especially if they live in a house with a family. Some seniors pay more than $320 a month.
No equivalent in Bermuda to the UK's regulations which from October 1, 2006 made it illegal for employers to discriminate against employees, trainees or job seekers because of their age. (They ensure that all workers, regardless of age, have the same rights in terms of training and promotion).
At this time, the Bermuda Financial Assistance Act does not apply to the majority of seniors and the permanently disabled who own property or part of a property or have some form of income. If you own or co-own or are a part-owner of a car, any property, any insurance, any monetary asset, you are deemed ineligible. Other countries - like the USA, Canada and UK - are far more generous to their seniors.
Presently, there is no equivalent at all in Bermuda of the UK's National Health Service or equivalents in Canada, USA such as Medicare or Medicaid, etc. In the USA, what used to be called the Health Care Financing Administration has changed its name to Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services at http://www.cms.gov.
Hugely expensive in Bermuda, especially for seniors. Newcomers and residents who are either unemployed retirees and/or no longer covered by any employers under Bermuda Healthcare employment provisions have very few options, only three choices, namely:
For a comparison of costs in USA see under Medicare at http://www.medicare.gov. Or Medicare Plans by State at http://www.ehealthmedicare.com/medicare-plans.
More than 90% of all Bermuda private homes do not yet have all these features, yet about 15% of all Bermuda residents are seniors, some very frail and liable to fall.
2015. March 10. Shadow Health Minister Kim Wilson has called on Government to consider penalizing families who abandon elderly relatives in hospital and providing incentives to those who look after them. The call comes after Health Minister Jeanne Atherden revealed that King Edward VII Memorial Hospital was being used as a residence for seniors who did not need to be there. She said that the refusal of some residents to take responsibility for family members had left a shortage of beds in the Acute Care Wing and had resulted in postponement of surgeries. Yesterday Ms Wilson urged Government to look at other options to tackle the problem, which is estimated to be costing taxpayers $27,200 a month. “Granny dumping is not a new phenomenon. It has been happening for 30 years. We have a brand new Acute Care Wing and it is full. One would have thought that Government and the executive would have come across ways to address this issue.” The PLP MP and former Attorney General then suggested a raft of ideas that she said could be considered to tackle the problem. “On admission to King Edward obtain signatures of the patient and or their guarantors responsible for the cost not covered by insurance or a credit card deposit. We have to look at other options.” Her comments came during the budget debate in the House of Assembly yesterday after Health Minister Jeanne Atherden had outlined spending within the department. Ms Wilson told the House that some US legislation allowed for civil action to be taken against individuals for failing to support a parent. “In some states in the US there are criminal sanctions. The legislation has found much success in parts of the US making children responsible for impoverished parents and children refusing to take their parents home. Government could consider an incentive programme for families to receive payment for receiving home care services. That would be a marginal fraction of the $27,000 that is being paid out each month now, and additionally it would improve the person’s quality of life because they are staying at home.”
2015. March 7. Elderly patients are being abandoned at King Edward VII Memorial Hospital, causing a shortage of beds that has led to the postponement of surgeries, Health Minister Jeanne Atherden told the House of Assembly. “Our hospital is being used as a residence for seniors who do not need to be there. All 90 beds are full at the new Acute Care Wing, along with the entire General Ward, forcing the hospital to add additional beds. If the beds were full because we had a sudden influx of acutely sick patients, I would understand — but this is not the case. The problem, and the source of my distress, is that there is a growing trend for the families of these elderly Bermudians to refuse to take them back home. They refuse to take responsibility for their grandparent, their parent, their sibling — telling the hospital that they are unable to cope with an ageing relative, or don’t have the appropriate resources at home. There are more than 30 long-stay social admissions burdening the hospital and who do not need to be there. These ladies and gentlemen do not need to be in the hospital. They should be at home with their families, in familiar surroundings that provide a degree of comfort.” Although the majority of families looked after their elderly relatives, sometimes at great sacrifice, she said she was aware of cases in which children working in good jobs had refused to cover the cost of their elderly parents’ care. As a result, that expense was being foisted on the system: for a 75-year-old senior on FutureCare who has been in the hospital more than 15 days, the cost is $34,000 a month, at a cost of $27,200 to the taxpayer. Opposition Member of Parliament and former Health Minister Zane DeSilva suggested such funds be used to house the seniors in homes such as Lefroy House, while Progressive Labour Party MP Kim Wilson proposed that the hospital request guarantees or credit card deposits off of the next of kin before admitting them. PLP MP Derrick Burgess advised the minister to look at using the money to assist families with looking after seniors. Ms Atherden responded that she was looking at all the options. Ms Atherden said she did not believe legislation was the remedy for the situation. “I don’t have the answers right now, but I am asking my new seniors advisory council to look into the problem on my behalf,” she added.
2015. March 2. A Seniors Advisory Council has been set up by the Bermuda Government to help to improve the standards of care for the Island’s elderly. The council will be made up of 15 individuals including, Dr John Cann as its chairman and Marian Sherratt as it deputy chairwoman. Minister of Seniors Jeanne Atherden made the announcement this afternoon at a press conference. “As a Government, we have an obligation to set policies and plan for the future, and we have a responsibility to ensure that the people who live and work in Bermuda have the knowledge they need to plan for their own future. We need to make sure that today’s young people are prepared for their old age. We don’t want them to be elderly and reliant on the Government for their housing and care. I will be asking the Seniors Advisory Council to work with our government department and our civil servants to develop a comprehensive National Ageing Plan for Bermuda. Part of that plan will, by necessity and as a matter of priority, need to address the issues surrounding long-term care.” The frequency of the council’s meetings will be determined by its members. Mrs Atherden said group would form subcommittees, which will invite the participation of individuals who are not on the council, but have expertise relevant to the subcommittee. “Caring for this growing population of Alzheimer’s and dementia sufferers is, even now, putting a strain on caregivers, families and our long-term care facilities. This strain will only get worse in the future, so another of the tasks for the council will be to review the need for and development of what I am calling an Alzheimer’s and dementia care strategy.” The members of the council include Lorraine Beasley, Lauren Bell, Charles Jeffers, Joanne Tucker, Valerie Pethen, Susan Jackson, Winifred Fostine-DeSilva, Sharon Swan, Dr Htay Myint, Rosheena Masters, Judy Canale, Elizabeth Stewart and Jane Collis.
2015. January 31. Royal Gazette editorial. Think of them as gold-plated, bulletproof and tamper-proof pension plans (not for private sector senior citizens but Bermuda Government employees, whose pension benefits are approximately five times better than for retired private sector senior citizens). The retirement benefits enjoyed by the Island’s public sector employees are generous, enviable and, given a stubbornly sluggish economy and diminished tax base, wholly unsustainable. Simply put, the unfunded shortfall for Bermuda’s various public sector pension plans now stands somewhere in the region of $1 billion (the Spending & Government Efficiency Commission estimates it could be as much as $3 billion in a few years). Government, as ultimate guarantor of the benefits paid under them, has to make up these losses. At the time of the last independent review of the relevant figures in 2010, the funded ratio of these pensions stood at 33 per cent. Meaning there was just $33 in the Bermuda Superannuation Fund for every $100 owed to retirees. The remaining $66 came out of taxpayers’ pockets. The situation will only have grown worse since then. For one thing, Government effectively “borrowed” $65 million from the pension fund to plug a hole in the 2012/13 budget, a move which in and of itself reduced the funded ratio to somewhere in the region of 30 per cent. For another, returns on investments have remained largely stagnant in the intervening years while ever greater numbers of people have retired — and are living longer. So the pool of beneficiaries will have increased significantly while the affordability of maintaining their benefits over the long-term has been placed increasingly out of reach. But despite the staggering size of these liabilities, the burdens they impose on the Bermuda taxpayer rarely make headlines. They go even more rarely remarked on by public sector unions during standoffs such as the past week’s confrontation with Government over proposed cuts intended to restore some measure of equilibrium (and sanity) to Bermuda’s finances. The unions regard pension benefits as inviolable and non-negotiable. But the existing model is already unviable and will only become increasingly more expensive to maintain with the passage of time. As more and more public sector employees continue to retire, millions of additional dollars will have to be found each year to pay for their benefits. Bermuda’s declining birth rate combined with a contracting economic base means these costs will continue to fall upon the shoulders of a decreasing number of residents in the workforce. The vast majority of those expected to foot the bill for the public service pension liability will, of course, be private sector employees, many of whom lack any but the most rudimentary retirement plans of their own. The fact Bermuda’s civil servants enjoy vastly more attractive retirement benefits than the bulk of the taxpayers who pay for them has already created resentment. That annoyance will only become more pronounced as the shortfalls grow — along with the demands placed on taxpayers’ wallets. The extravagant pension provisions enjoyed by Bermuda’s blue and white-collar public sector employees are a legacy of the economic boom years which began in the 1980s and only came to an abrupt end in 2008. But even as the Island luxuriated in that long period of historically unprecedented prosperity, the long-term sustainability of the public sector pension system was routinely questioned by some of the wiser, more economically literate heads among us. Their warnings went ignored by successive, cash-flush Governments which never put off until tomorrow what they believed could be put off until the day after tomorrow. So the demands made by public sector unions during collective bargaining negotiations, no matter how costly they were likely to be over time, were repeatedly indulged. Of course, during that time of plenty, long-range planning was never a strong suit of strike-averse United Bermuda Party and Progressive Labour administrations which tended to be entirely more fixated on whatever short-term disruptions public sector work stoppages would cause. Now, of course, we have reached a point where fanciful union demands can no longer be routinely rubber-stamped by Government. Nor can tough decisions be avoided any longer. So far, even proposals for changes to pension benefits affecting only future employees have been fiercely resisted by public sector unions. But maintaining the status quo is no longer an option and the unions need to demonstrate some much-needed flexibility on this point. Otherwise Government should be prepared to defy union resistance to sensible suggestions for pension plan reforms, reforms which must by necessity reflect the Island’s current fiscal realities. The gold plating is a luxury we can simply no longer afford.
2015. January 8. Families are being stopped from moving their elderly relatives to different residential homes from facilities that they are unhappy with, it has been alleged. The daughter of an 89-year-old woman claims that she and her siblings have been blocked from transferring their mother, Mrs W, from Packwood Nursing Home in Somerset by the National Office for Seniors and the Physically Challenged (NOSPC) because it considers her “adequately placed”. The family’s main issue with the home is location, as they live in the East End, but the daughter told The Royal Gazette they also feel it is not a good fit for their mother because most residents have some form of dementia and she does not. “Her body is frail but her mind is active,” said the daughter, who asked that her mother remain anonymous. “She’s sitting in this ‘room of death’ with all these dementia people. There’s very, very little activities for anyone [without dementia]. She’s just sitting there waiting for death.” Mrs W moved into Packwood, which is a registered charity, a couple of years ago, after a period of respite care at Sylvia Richardson Care Facility in St George’s, a home that is operated by the Ministry of Health. The monthly fee for both facilities is $5,000. “We searched high and low for what we thought was the best place that had availability,” the daughter said. “There was no space at Sylvia Richardson. We found Packwood and so we moved her in there. We were hoping it was going to be short-term, but it’s turning into a long-term affair.” The elderly widow has not settled at Packwood, according to her daughter, but she does receive the nursing care she needs there. Nursing services are not available at all homes, but Sylvia Richardson, where the family would like to see Mrs W return to on a permanent basis, is registered as a “skilled facility.” The daughter claimed that their request for a transfer to Sylvia Richardson was rejected by the NOSPC, which works with the Community Assessment and Referral Team (Cart) and other agencies to place seniors in residential facilities. She said the reason given was not because of a lack of beds at the state-run facility. The charity Age Concern has previously flagged up the continuing problem of “long waiting lists, limited facility options and sizeable monthly fees” for seniors in need of residential care. Mrs W’s daughter said: “I spoke to [seniors’ co-ordinator] Katherina [Gibbons] and I said, ‘How can I get my mother on the list to be considered for Sylvia Richardson?’. She said that in the eyes of the Cart team, she’s adequately housed; she’s getting basic medical care, food and a roof over her head. “The Cart team said I was being too picky. I said, ‘This is my mother’. She’s not perfect, but she’s a dear, sweet soul. She’s not getting the emotional care that she needs.” According to critics of the NOSPC, Mrs W’s case highlights the need for revised and improved procedures for placing elderly people in residential homes. Derrick Burgess, the Shadow Minister for Seniors, wrote to Health Minister Jeanne Atherden on the topic on December 9, claiming that the NOSPC’s refusal to move Mrs W to the Sylvia Richardson facility was a “clear violation of the Human Rights Act.” I would ask for that policy, whether written or unwritten, to be corrected as soon as possible.” He had not received a response by press time. Elizabeth Stewart, from the charity Action on Alzheimer’s and Dementia, said that the system seemed “all very haphazard.” She said that she was told in a meeting with the NOSPC that there was no waiting list kept. “It’s kind of luck,” Ms Stewart claimed. “Is there a waiting list or not? It’s ludicrous.” She added of the NOSPC’s two caseworkers: “[They] are doing their best but there just appears not to be enough human resources in place to cope with the demand and they are constantly trying to put out fires. We are trying to help the NOSPC with dementia-specific cases.” Another advocate for the elderly, who asked not to be named, told The Royal Gazette: “If they did nothing, you could work around it, [but] they block people trying to move relatives. They say, ‘No, you may not move her’. They don’t care if the person is happy there or not.” The Health Minister, Ms Atherden, said in a statement last September that her ministry’s objective was for seniors to “remain active and in their own homes for as long as possible” but to assist with placement in a residential facility when that wasn’t possible. “Every attempt is made to place the senior at the residential care facility which best matches their needs and budget. We continue to work with the private sector on the establishment of new rest homes in order to increase capacity and meet demand. For example, we provide private developers with advice regarding the legal requirements for establishing and managing rest homes. We continue to operate two nursing homes, which offer excellent care at highly subsidized rates.” Mrs W’s daughter acknowledged that “Packwood is probably better than most” homes on the Island, but insisted that families should have more say in where their loved ones live. “You are at the mercy of the Government,” she said. “We are just trying to draw attention to a huge problem. If you have a person in a home who is unhappy, you can’t get them even considered for a move to a better one.” Packwood administrator Karen Mitchell said that she was aware that Mrs W’s family were unhappy but insisted: “The family always have the right to move their relative. The National Office tells nursing homes that families have that right.” Registered nurse Gaylia Landry said that the issue could be finding the right level of nursing care for Mrs W because not all homes have nursing services. “If you are going to move from this type of facility, they want you to move somewhere with similar levels of services.” Both said that although most residents at the 30-bed home suffer from dementia, it offered a wide array of enrichment activities for all and took any complaints seriously. The Royal Gazette asked the Ministry of Health about Mrs W, but a spokeswoman said that she could not comment on individual cases.
2015. January 7. An 81-year-old man suffering from “severe” bedsores was “rescued” by concerned members of the public from a rest home that could not care for him properly — after the National Office for Seniors and the Physically Challenged (NOSPC) failed to find him a bed elsewhere. Mr X, who has dementia and has had a stroke, developed the painful ulcers while a resident at Sunny Vale Rest Home in Paget and is now at a facility that provides nursing services. A relative and other individuals who became aware of his plight claim the elderly Bermudian was neglected there, resulting in the sores on his hips and the base of his spine. An independent expert, who viewed photographs of the pressure sores at the request of The Royal Gazette, described them as “essentially as bad as it gets” — rating them a grade four, the worst type, under the European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Council scale. “There are few excuses for a pressure area developing in a care environment,” said the senior nurse, who has no connection to the case and spoke on condition of anonymity. “The sores can develop really quickly, in less than an hour. Red skin is the first stage. Positional changes [are key]. The problem would have been that once he had all three of these, where would you put him?” The owner of Sunny Vale strongly denies the allegation of neglect and insists that she informed the NOSPC that her home was unable to give Mr X the care that he needed months before he was moved. Sunny Vale is registered as a rest home, so is not required to provide nursing services, unlike a nursing home. “We done our best for him,” said Dorrie Bennett, a nursing assistant, who owns the St Michael’s Road facility. “The National Office agreed that he needs to be in a nursing home, but I felt that they could have done a little bit more to help me. Nobody helped me.” The bedridden man, whose identity cannot be revealed for legal reasons, suffered from pressure sores for at least ten months before he was removed from the home, according to two confidential “problem reports” obtained by this newspaper. The documents reveal that district nurse Dianne Gornall visited Mr X at Sunny Vale on July 5, 2013, when she observed sores on his hips that were one inch in diameter, but was “unable to obtain a nursing history from the caregivers” at the home. She and health visitor Diane Gledhill were sent by the NOSPC to visit him again at Sunny Vale on April 7, 2014 and recommended afterwards that he be moved to a nursing home “as soon as possible to receive the continuous care that he requires”. Yet Mr X remained at Sunny Vale for another month until members of the public intervened. Ms Gornall and Ms Gledhill noted in their April 7, 2014 report that he had three bedsores. The largest, on his right hip, was three inches in diameter and was described by our overseas expert as “likely infected and necrotic [containing dead or dying skin]”. The health visitor and district nurse wrote that the man’s bed was “very hard and unsuitable.” They complained that there was “poor record-keeping” in relation to the man’s wounds and recommended an immediate change of mattress. “I spoke to Ms Bennett, the proprietor, on the telephone before leaving,” Ms Gledhill wrote. “She reported that she had another mattress that may be more suitable, but it is currently in use by another resident. I expressed concern that another resident would be deprived of this mattress if it were transferred to [Mr X].” The health visitor and nurse visited Mr X again a week later, on April 14, reporting that “the mattress had been changed; however, this was ineffective as cells were broken and it wasn’t plugged in.” They wrote after that visit: “The Sunny Vale Rest Home is not equipped to deal with the level of nursing care that [the senior] requires.” Although they arranged a meeting a day later to discuss “next steps” with John Payne, the NOSPC manager and Senior Abuse Registrar who has since retired, the man was not moved. On May 5, a member of the public who had been told about Mr X met with NOSPC staff and made a complaint of alleged neglect. Ms Y, who asked not to be identified, said: “The NOSPC personnel I met with didn’t appear to react positively to my concerns about [Mr X]. Later that day, I had an appointment about another matter with the BPS [Bermuda Police Service] and because I was extremely concerned about [Mr X’s] physical condition, I reported his condition to the BPS, who contacted the NOSPC.” Ms Y said an officer later informed her that Mr Payne told police that he had been in touch with the patient’s general practitioner, who saw no reason for the senior to be moved. No further police action was taken and Mrs Bennett confirmed she was never interviewed by the police. On May 6, the pensioner was moved by ambulance to a nursing home. According to Ms Y, it was done “with the active consent of the receiving nursing home and his next of kin, who was distressed about his situation but did not know what to do about it. The bedsores were going right through to the bone on his hip. We took the decision that this man must be rescued. We provided an ambulance and we took the man. We assisted a suffering elderly person because he didn’t get any assistance from the National Office. The admitting physician [at the nursing home where he was taken] said he was ... in need of immediate nursing care. Three days later I went back to see him and walked past him because I didn’t recognize him. He looked so different. He is still there and he is getting good nursing care. They are continuing to dress his wounds but it looks as though getting them to heal will be a difficult task. He should never have been in that situation.” Derrick Burgess, the Shadow Minister for Seniors, alerted Health Minister Jeanne Atherden to the case, sharing with her photographs of the man and his wounds, and said that he was amazed that she did not order an immediate inquiry into the care at Sunny Vale and into the NOSPC’s inaction. “The National Office said everything was fine,” he said. “No type of action was taken against the particular home. They [the NOSPC] are not doing their jobs. Everybody is just passing the buck. I just think maybe people are lazy, [but] you are getting paid to do a job. It seems like because someone is elderly, certain things are not taken seriously.” Mrs Bennett said the NOSPC conducted an investigation, which she fully complied with, and the matter was concluded without any action being taken against Sunny Vale. “The care [here] is outstanding,” she insisted. “My home is running in a good way. It’s a clean home. It is kept well. I think someone is being malicious.” According to the Ministry of Health, allegations of elder abuse, including neglect, must be made to the NOSPC after which the Island’s Senior Abuse Registrar then has a duty to “cause an investigation to be carried out.” The Royal Gazette asked if Mr Payne initiated an investigation into the alleged abuse of Mr X at Sunny Vale, but a spokeswoman said: “We cannot disclose any information on individual cases to a third party due to confidentiality restrictions.”
2015. January 7. A residential home for seniors in Paget is at the centre of three separate alleged cases of neglect. Sunny Vale Rest Home on St Michael's Road claims that it offers outstanding care to the elderly, but one former resident told The Royal Gazette that he was deeply unhappy with the way he was treated and refused to return there after his leg was amputated in hospital, while another was removed by concerned individuals after developing severe bedsores. A third man died in hospital while a resident at the home and his death certificate, obtained by this newspaper, cites severe malnutrition as one of the causes of death. Derrick Burgess, the Shadow Minister for Seniors, has questioned why the authorities have not ordered an immediate inquiry into conditions at Sunny Vale, although he claims that it is not the only facility for seniors on the Island that is failing to provide a suitable standard of care and adequate meals. The Opposition politician, who has spoken out several times on the issue in the House of Assembly in recent weeks, said that he planned to start naming and shaming homes that were not up to scratch in Parliament. "I want to warn all the rest homes that hereon in, from this day, if I get any complaints about abuse and the food that they serve, I will reveal who they are publicly," he said. Carolman Joe Williams, 69, lived at Sunny Vale for several years until he moved to a different rest home last year after having his left leg amputated. Mr Williams, who has never married and has no children, went to Sunny Vale originally after an operation on his eyes meant that he could no longer live alone. "It's a madhouse. It's untidy. The food was bad every day; nothing hot. The food is outrageous. It was like a concentration camp, really. All they [the staff] do all day is mop floors." His leg was amputated at King Edward VII Memorial Hospital after an infection developed in his foot while at Sunny Vale. His niece, who asked not to be named, claimed inadequate care at Sunny Vale was to blame for the infection spreading. "They had to take if off because he was in a lot of pain. Oh my gosh I can see that foot now. It was in a terrible way." But Sunny Vale owner Dorrie Bennett strongly denied the allegation. Mrs Bennett said she cared for Mr Williams for nine years because no family member was willing to take him in. "Any suggestion that his foot infection was because of the homes negligence was a lie. There is no way he was neglected in Sunny Vale. He had problems with his leg from the word go, he's a stroke victim. Eventually, poor circulation leads to amputation. It just happened; this is how life is. We tried everything. We used to massage his legs. My staff did all they could do." Mr Williams, a former bodybuilder, said that he was still in the dark about why his leg was amputated, as he had previously had no problems with his left foot. He said he shared a bedroom with the 81-year-old man who developed bedsores (see separate story) and claimed he saw his roommate being tied down to his bed. "I wouldn't let them [tie me]," he said, adding that he did not enjoy life at Sunny Vale and his new home was like paradise in comparison. Mrs Bennett said: "This gentleman was miserable. He never liked to get up when we had our functions. He never wanted to apply himself. We had to force him to go on outings." Mr Burgess said that he had little information about the third case, involving the 83-year-old man who died in hospital while a resident at the home in December 2012. But he said that it was brought to his attention by an individual concerned about conditions and care at the home. He questioned why the senior developed severe malnutrition and said the National Office for Seniors and the Physically Challenged (NOSPC) should be thoroughly investigating the food on offer at Sunny Vale, as well as whether the home can meet the needs of its residents. Mrs Bennett said the man who died was placed at her home by the authorities and lived there for no more than a week before she had him admitted to hospital. "He was with me for a week.. He wasn't a resident of mine and I sent him back to the hospital." She insisted that her home, which has been open for 18 years and is inspected annually, offered nutritious meals to its ten residents and provided proper rest-home care, as required under the Residential Care Homes and Nursing Homes Act 1999. Registered rest homes are not required to provide nursing services. The Royal Gazette asked a Ministry of Health spokeswoman if investigations had been launched into the allegations regarding Sunny Vale, but she said that she could not comment.
2015. January 6. The brother of a 76-year-old woman who is allegedly being neglected in her own home by relatives claims that he has been repeatedly ignored when he has tried to report the matter to the authorities. Mr A told The Royal Gazette that his sibling, who is frail, incontinent and has mild dementia, was being left on her own at home for hours at a time and that he had found her on several occasions lying in a pool of her own urine in bed, dehydrated and hungry. The senior lives with her son, daughter-in-law and grandchildren, but they are all out of the house at work or school during the day. “The problem is they don’t have no time for Grandma,” her brother claimed. He said he visited the National Office for Seniors and the Physically Challenged (NOSPC) in September last year because of his concerns about the lack of care being given to her during daylight hours. But he said that it was almost impossible to get anyone to log his complaint or even call him back. “She just needs some help,” the 55-year-old man said. “I’m at my wit’s end. I don’t know who to even turn to now.” Mr A, who asked for his sister not to be identified, told this newspaper that he had visited the NOSPC “four, five, six times” and had left his name and number each time, but no one called back. “It seems like nobody cares; nobody gives me a call. One day I went there and I said, ‘Well, I’ll sit here and wait in the front’. I told them I want to see somebody. I sat there and waited. No one even acknowledged me. I waited there a whole hour. I told the receptionist ‘I have got to go’. I was ready to let off fireworks. I said, ‘No, keep your cool, clear your head and go. I sent an e-mail to the case worker — it was just to get in contact with me — and she never got back in contact with me. It’s not like they don’t know about [my sister].” Eventually, Mr A said, he managed to reach a case worker on the telephone and she asked him to summarize his concerns but refused a sit-down meeting. Six weeks later, he had heard nothing back. Mr A, who works full time and has a wife and daughter, said that he personally could not take care of his sister every day but hated to see her being neglected. “I try and help — a little lunch here and there, take her a little soup,” he said. “But she really needs somebody there three or four hours a day. She has dementia. She is a little bit weak and fragile. Sometimes she is home all day by herself and is not getting the proper three square meals a day. An eight-hour stretch by herself every day is a lot. She is in the kind of condition where if she was to fall on the floor, what would she do? I think a friend comes by and helps her with her bath every now and then, but that’s not good enough.” He said more than anything that he needed advice from those charged with ensuring that seniors on the Island are properly cared for. “It’s not like I have been at the National Office seeking financial help,” Mr A added. “I am not asking them for any money. I just need advice on what to do. I can’t take her out of the house and drop her down to the hospital to say she needs extended care. They don’t allow you to do that. I’m tired of just going back, going back. I have other things to do. Everybody is busy and working in the family. My main gripe is just trying to get the help from the National Office. Are they overloaded with work? They may have the qualifications but where is the care? They are either overworked or they don’t really understand the real practical aspects of seniors’ needs.” Another woman, in a separate case of alleged neglect, told The Royal Gazette that she had approached the NOSPC for help for her 80-year-old mother, who was spending much of her time home alone, with no one to care for her. I have been calling these people,” Ms B said. “I have left messages. They went up to see her and said ‘your mom does need this and that’. She has Alzheimer’s. But nothing happened. It’s putting me in tears because my mom is by herself.” Ms B said of the NOSPC: “Maybe we should shut it down.” She claimed John Payne, the former Senior Abuse Registrar, was rude to her and would not return her calls. A second woman, Ms C, who said she approached the NOSPC to get help for her 87-year-old father, said: “I gave John Payne all my information but I didn’t get anywhere. I had one meeting with him and never heard any more.” Ms C added: “They never called back, so I just felt it was a waste of time trying to get anywhere with them.” The Royal Gazette asked the Ministry of Health to respond to all the allegations but a spokeswoman said that she could not comment on individual cases.
2015: January 5. Bermuda's seniors are receiving "deplorable" care in residential facilities and private homes across the Island yet the authorities are failing to act, it has been alleged. An investigation by Bermuda's Royal Gazette newspaper has uncovered a number of cases where elderly people are distressed by the level of care provided to them or appear to have been failed by their professional caregivers or relatives. Yet the National Office for Seniors and the Physically Challenged (NOSPC) has not properly responded to the complaints or helped the individuals find more suitable accommodation, according to those interviewed by this newspaper. Our inquiry suggests the NOSPC, which is responsible both for inspecting residential facilities and handling complaints about elder abuse and neglect, is struggling to carry out its duties, leading to some complainants never hearing back from the office and others feeling their concerns are not being taken seriously. One man told us: "I have been trying to get help for my sister from the National Office. I was there four, five, six times. I left my name and number for a case worker to call me and it seems like nobody cares. Nobody gives me a call." Although 34 complaints of elder abuse were made to the office between January and October last year, none led to prosecutions under the Senior Abuse Register Act 2008, a law introduced specifically to protect the elderly and to penalize those who mistreat them. We discovered: an 81-year-old man who developed severe bedsores in Sunny Vale Nursing Home in Paget was removed from the facility by concerned members of the public because the NOSPC did not feel a move was necessary; another man, aged 69, refused to return to Sunny Vale, after having his leg amputated in hospital, because he was so unhappy at the rest home; a third man died while a resident at Sunny Vale in 2012 and one of the causes of his death was severe malnutrition; the family of an 89-year-old woman was told that she could not move from Packwood Nursing Home in Somerset, despite repeated requests from relatives, because there was nowhere suitable to send her; and a man who tried to make a complaint of senior neglect after finding his 76-year-old sister lying in her own urine in bed at the home she shared with her son and daughter-in-law was ignored by staff at the NOSPC and never had his calls returned. Age Concern executive director Claudette Fleming said: "These are stories that must be told." The charity boss, referring to Health Minister Jeanne Atherden's recent pledge to restructure the NOSPC in 2015 and increase care home inspections, added: "Promises can be made but they are not always kept. It's important that these stories be put in the forefront of the public's mind." Derrick Burgess, the Shadow Minister for Seniors, said: "Bermuda is in desperate need of a review of its facilities for seniors. The care provided to the elderly in our rest and nursing homes needs to be scrutinized. The oversight provided by Government is ineffective when dealing with abuse, negligence and infringements of the Residential Care Homes and Nursing Homes Act 1999 and the Residential Care Homes and Nursing Homes Regulations 2001." Ms Atherden said in a statement last September: "As far as our Island's rest homes are concerned, the Ministry continues to actively monitor and ensure that rest homes meet the required standards. Accusations by the Opposition that this Government has somehow abandoned its seniors couldn't be farther from the truth." But she admitted two months later that she had concerns about the NOSPC being responsible for the licensing and inspecting of care homes, and also being the recipient of complaints for those same homes. She said the roles should be separated and that she had asked Ministry of Health staff how a separation could be accomplished. The Minister told Members of Parliament: "We have implemented a process of the monthly reporting of complaints to have an ongoing complaints register. Further, in terms of visits and inspections, changes have been made to the residential care facilities visiting process so they now occur three times per year: two scheduled and one unscheduled. This process will assist with ensuring that all homes comply with the requirements of the legislation." Elizabeth Stewart, from the charity Action on Alzheimer's and Dementia, said that was "still inadequate. You shouldn't have scheduled inspections at all. It gives ample time for somebody to prepare and make everything look fine. You should have more than one unscheduled visit a year." Mr Burgess said that change cannot come soon enough and he repeated his call for an independent body to have oversight of residential homes. The Progressive Labour Party politician claimed the NOSPC, which is being run by a civil servant seconded from another department until the end of March, was not properly looking into "numerous complaints of deplorable care of seniors and was not ensuring that those guilty of providing inadequate or neglectful care were penalized." But the Ministry of Health told this newspaper that the NOSPC was working hard to improve its services and should still be the first port of call for anyone with a complaint of elder abuse or neglect. "The intent was never to have NOSPC as the primary source for investigating claims of senior abuse but, rather, for NOSPC to utilize other resources in order to do that, in particular, the Police. For example, NOSPC does not have the ability to look into one's financial history if it is a case of financial abuse. In that instance, we forward the case to the Police (CID) for investigation. The Senior Abuse Registrar regularly undertakes actions to ensure the welfare and safety of seniors who may be the victim of senior abuse. All reports of senior abuse should be reported using a senior risk referral form, which is available at the National Office at the Continental Building, on the corner of Church Street and Cedar Avenue [in Hamilton]." This newspaper is not aware of any homes being prosecuted for breaching the Residential Care Homes and Nursing Homes Regulations. And none of the cases we uncovered have led to action being taken under the Senior Abuse Register Act. The law, which was heralded at the time of its passage through Parliament as a way to protect the Island's growing elderly population from physical, sexual and psychological abuse, financial exploitation and long-term neglect, has barely been used since it came into effect in March 2008. This newspaper has reported on only one successful prosecution, that of Lorraine Smith and Audra-Ann Bean in April 2012 for stealing almost half a million dollars from their grandmother. Their names are now on the confidential Senior Abuse Register, along with one other unidentified individual. Our inquiry highlights both how little the existing laws to protect seniors are being used and how difficult it can be for elderly people and their families to find appropriate long-term care on the Island. The owner of Sunny Vale, for example, insists she told the NOSPC that her facility could not provide the nursing care needed by the 81-year-old man who developed bedsores but got no assistance. Staff at Packwood say the NOSPC is badly understaffed and a task force for the elderly should be set up immediately to ensure that seniors' needs are understood and met, wherever they are spending their final years. Ms Atherden said in November last year: "Going forward, we at the Ministry will be focusing on improving the quality of care being provided at residential care homes. We have to be concerned about the physical environment of facilities but, at the same time, we need to ensure the quality of care is of the highest standard. Our legislation speaks mostly to staffing levels, environmental conditions and the physical environment provided at homes, but the quality of care provisions are not sufficiently strong.
2014. September 16. Seniors have been told by Finance Minister Bob Richards that they won’t be getting an increase in their state pension because “money does not grow on trees.” Age Concern said yesterday that the news, delivered by the Minister during a question-and-answer session at the charity’s annual general meeting, was a “blow." Age Concern executive director Claudette Fleming told The Royal Gazette: “The Minister was asked ‘do you see an increase in pensions any time soon?’, given that the economy is still struggling and expenses are rising. The Minister basically said ‘not any time soon’. That was a blow. People are struggling. It has been a few years now since an increase.” The charity’s minutes of the meeting quote Mr Richards as saying to the 100 or so members who gathered at St Paul’s Church in Paget: “Money does not grow on trees. Every dollar that you have in your pocket, it all comes from the same place; that is, outside of Bermuda. The social insurance fund is under funded and so is the Civil Service pension fund. All the money comes from people abroad. If I increase pensions, I will inflict pain and discomfort for people who come after us. All the money comes from the same place. Bermuda’s economy is like a family budget. We have to be cautious with our planning.” Pensioners last got an increase in their contributory pension in August 2011 — a three percent rise described by the then Opposition One Bermuda Alliance as “woefully inadequate.” In the meantime, the cost of living in Bermuda has risen by 6.3 percent, according to the Consumer Price Index (CPI) published by the Department of Statistics. Since coming to power in December 2012, the OBA has not increased the state pension, which is paid out of the Contributory Pension Fund. It was reported last year that the fund was under funded by $2.06 billion and its resources would be exhausted by 2047 if current actuarial assumptions remain unchanged. Ms Fleming said Mr Richards told Age Concern members that the fund was in better shape than the Superannuation Fund, which funds government employee pensions. She said the Minister spoke of the “shared sacrifice” that everyone in Bermuda needed to make to improve the Island’s economy and help pay off the Island’s huge debt. “We understand that it’s a shared sacrifice but you have got to remember that this is a generation that’s made a sacrifice while it’s working,” said Ms Fleming. Shadow Seniors Minister Derrick Burgess said last night that seniors were crying out for a rise in their state pensions as “most of their pension cheque is for medication.” The Progressive Labour Party politician said: “What happens in a lot of households is that seniors have to decide if they are going to spend on medicine or food and you can’t take medicine on an empty stomach. The policy was that pensions would be increased every two years based on the CPI. I think the Government has certainly got this wrong.” He cited the freezing this year of cost-of-living increases for government employee pensions as another bad decision and questioned why Government wasn’t asking others to make sacrifices. “No one has asked the doctors to, say, ‘cut your fees by ten percent’,” said Mr Burgess. Ms Fleming said the rising cost of healthcare for seniors was a key topic during the question-and-answer session but there was no indication that things were likely to improve. Mr Richards and Health and Seniors Minister Jeanne Atherden, who also attended the AGM as a panellist, were asked if monthly payments for the FutureCare health insurance plan were likely to come down or if additional benefits would be included in the scheme. The charity minutes record Ms Atherden as saying: “We recognize that the money we have has to get the biggest bang for our buck. We are looking at prescription drugs being included. Generic drugs are not as expensive and that helps. We have to require less healthcare; many illnesses are driven by lifestyles. We have to live healthier lives. Many of the present health risks are related to poor lifestyles. We have to make people go to their doctor, rather than rushing to the hospital for an emergency. Utilization, diagnostic testing have gone way up; living healthily will bring costs down.” Age Concern says it invited all of the Island’s parliamentarians to its AGM on September 10 and was disappointed that none chose to attend, apart from the two Cabinet Ministers. Mr Burgess said: “I sincerely knew nothing about it. If I had gotten an invitation, you can bet your life I’d have been there.” When asked to elaborate on the AGM remarks, a Ministry of Finance spokesman last night said: “At the AGM, the Minister of Finance clearly explained the challenges facing Bermuda’s social pension scheme which is currently under funded by over $2 billion. Another problem facing the plan is that the number of persons that contribute to the fund, the working population, is reducing while the number of pensioners ie seniors, is increasing. This has had a negative impact on the plan with the fund paying out more money than what it takes in. Under these conditions it would be imprudent to increase benefits under the plan at this time. The Government is currently working on rectifying the structural deficiencies of the plan and when these changes are introduced to the plan it may be possible to restore some degree of indexation to all pensioners in the future, depending on how the funded position of the plan and its long term financial viability improves.” Ms Atherden added: “I suspect that seniors will be disappointed at not receiving a pension increase, but I also believe that Bermuda’s seniors understand the importance of being careful with the national purse. They have grown up budgeting carefully for their households, and they expect the Government to do the same with the money in the pension fund.”
2013. September 11. The Bermuda Hospitals Board could be in debt by $200 million within five years if nothing is done to curb healthcare costs, according to the board’s chairman. Speaking at a meeting of the Hamilton Rotary Club, Jonathan Brewin issued fresh warnings that the scale of the financial problem facing the board “should concern us all” and that changes to the healthcare system are “necessary and unavoidable.” Mr Brewin began his presentation by outlining a series of increased costs that the BHB was facing, including the withdrawal of a Government subsidy to pay for the $14 million-a-year Continuing Care Unit, construction costs for a soon-to-be-completed acute care wing, an increased cost base because of higher patient demand for services, and a new $650,000-a-year administrative bill to pay for work permit applications. “More money will be going out and, as the Board discovered in the month it was appointed, even less money was going to be coming in. Accepting the status quo is like sitting down in a leaky boat and not realizing that we don’t have long before we go under. We will sink if we do not swim.” Painting a grim picture of the state of health funding on the Island, Mr Brewin acknowledged that “the road ahead looks hard, steep and painful”, and that “we have a tough challenge.” But he also stressed that solutions could be found, and that the BHB was working in partnership with the wider community “to assist in developing a financial sustainability plan. We certainly are standing at a moment in history. Change is necessary and unavoidable, and our challenge is to ensure we work with community and overseas providers, the Ministry, insurers and the people who use and pay for our services to make healthcare more affordable and effective. We have a tough challenge, but it is widely recognised that the rising cost of healthcare is unsustainable and liable to damage our country, our businesses and residents if we do not address it. This brings many more people to the table, looking for solutions and seeking to cooperate and coexist, rather than compete, in order to ensure people in Bermuda can continue to access the right services at the right time at a price they can afford.” Mr Brewin added that a Financial Sustainability Steering Committee, comprising board members, community members and hospital leadership is already meeting, and subcommittees focusing on strategic, operational and structural sustainability are being established. “We are working hard to establish a new dialogue with all our partners in healthcare — community physicians, overseas affiliates, patients, insurers, the Ministry of Health and Seniors and the Bermuda Health Council — to ensure collaboration as we proceed to address urgently needed change in the overall healthcare system. Our aspiration is to build a safe, high quality healthcare system that always puts the patient, those who are less fortunate than ourselves, at its heart. If we want new hotels, new tourism services and new international business partners to regard Bermuda as a good place to conduct business, we need to address healthcare." Mr Brewin was joined by BHB chief executive officer Venetta Symonds, who reiterated the need for reform, but pointed out that patients and doctors could help bring down costs. “The chairman has spoken about involvement in BHB governance and strategic planning, but this must also take place at the bedside, and in the doctor’s office. People in the community also need to get more involved in their care and educate themselves on healthcare practices that are high quality and safe. However, we are absolutely clear on one thing — even though our most pressing challenge is financial, our most important and non-negotiable focus is on the integrity, safety and quality of healthcare services, and we will work with all our stakeholders, all the community, to achieve this.”
2013. September 5. By Peter Hardy, a member of the Sage Commission. Census reports for 2000 and 2010 show that the number of Bermuda’s population aged 65 years and over (our “seniors”) increased from 6,722 in 2000 to 8,683 in 2010. This is an increase of 29.17 percent in ten years. During that period, the number of seniors as a percentage of the total population has also increased, from 11 percent to 14 percent. In 2000, the median age of Bermuda’s population was 37, but by 2010 it had risen to 41. By 2010, 67 percent of over 65s were retired. However, of those in the 65-69 age group, almost half (48 percent) were employed, one quarter of those working as shop and market sales workers and service workers which are generally the lower paid categories of employment. These statistics underscore the fact that Bermuda’s population has been part of an ageing trend. Government’s Statistical Office suggests that this trend will continue and, by 2030, seniors will comprise 22 percent of the total population. What is contributing to our ageing population? Reasons include fewer children being born to each mother, an improved lifespan for older persons (based on improved living conditions that incorporate better healthcare and housing standards) and improved social support mechanisms. Younger persons leaving Bermuda in mid-decade has also recently been identified as a contributing cause of the ageing trend. Why should the SAGE Commission, which was established to examine Government expenditures, be concerned about a population that is growing older and has increasing numbers of people past the age of 65? The age of 65 has been considered as a traditional retirement age since Germany’s Chancellor Bismarck promoted the concept of pensions in the nineteenth century, when the average lifespan was some 25 years shorter than it is today. While the lifespan in developed countries has increased, the “retirement” or “pensionable” age has remained the same. People now live well past 65 years, and in good health, resulting in many more becoming dependent on post-retirement benefits than ever before. More now find it necessary, as well as personally desirable, to continue to work past the traditional “retirement age.” However, not all ageing persons are able to provide for themselves. For more than a century, socially responsible governments have been introducing measures such as state pensions and benefits to sustain their populations.
GOVERNMENT SUPPORT TO SENIORS. Benefits to seniors have often been provided by way of tax reliefs or subsidies which are equivalent to government spending. Others are provided by way of direct contributions to social support schemes introduced by governments and funded by taxpayers, most of whom are employees. There is no magic source of revenues for a government to spend on benefits. They come from taxes paid by the general population, and most from the working population. If the demand for government expenditures on benefits increases, changes in expenditure priorities have to be considered or adjustments made to the overall level of revenues raised. Problems arise when the long-term nature of retirement liabilities cuts across the lives of governments that may have different social priorities. If we accept that an increasing number of over-65s requires an increasing number of government services, an examination of a government’s expenditure profile on those services shapes its national ageing strategy. In Bermuda, we have heard calls for such a strategy to be formalized. The SAGE Commission is not designed to produce that strategy. It is, however, designed to look at Government’s expenditures. Some of the significant areas of expenditure that Government has incurred by providing subsidized benefits to seniors in Bermuda are:
• Healthcare subsidies to treatment at the King Edward Memorial Hospital (KEMH) and at the Mid Atlantic Wellness Institute (MAWI), that begin at age 65 and increase with age.
• Land tax relief to persons on their primary residence, provided that its Annual Rental Value (ARV) is below a prescribed level.
• Relief from Stamp Duty on the value of the primary residence if included in an estate at death.
• Motor vehicle licensing relief for various classes of vehicles licensed by private individuals who are over 65.
• Free access to public transportation in the form of buses and ferries.
• Financial Assistance directly to those who can establish a need. Seniors feature among the beneficiaries. Fifty-six percent of households headed by over 65s are considered poor or near poor. These numbers are likely to increase as the general population grows older.
All of these benefits cost money to administer and undercut Government’s revenue base.
BERMUDA’S PENSION SCHEMES
Social Insurance Scheme.
Department of Social Insurance exists to operate the Social Insurance Scheme.
Each worker in Bermuda contributes to this scheme on the basis of his or her
employment record. While the scheme provides retirement benefits to the over
65s, the benefits aren’t generally enough to sustain individuals who have no
other source of income. Social Insurance benefits are not paid from the
Consolidated Fund (the Bermuda Government’s general operating fund), but
Government does contribute to the Contributory Pension Fund as an employer.
Social Insurance is structured so that benefits from the Contributory Pension
Fund are paid in relation to contributions. The NPP, with a defined minimum
contribution, may have either predetermined benefits or benefits related to
contributions. The Contributory Pension Fund is currently under funded by $2.06
billion. If current actuarial assumptions remain unchanged, resources will be
exhausted by 2047. Government would be faced with a serious social problem if
that were to happen.
National Pension Plan
The National Pension Plan (NPP) was introduced to assist
employees in saving for retirement and to provide other income to supplement the
Social Insurance benefit at age 65. The Pension Commission was established to
oversee the NPP. Government contributes to its cost.
Government Employees’ Pensions
National Pension Plan
The National Pension Plan (NPP) was introduced to assist employees in saving for retirement and to provide other income to supplement the Social Insurance benefit at age 65. The Pension Commission was established to oversee the NPP. Government contributes to its cost.
Government Employees’ Pensions
Government contributes separately as an employer to the Public Service
Superannuation Fund (PSSF), a pension fund established for the benefit of civil
servants and other Government employees, and to the Ministers and Members of the
Legislature Pensions Fund (MMLPF), which was established for parliamentarians.
These groups receive benefits that are defined in advance of the number of
contributions they make, and which are not dependent on the number of
contributions. In addition, Government is obliged to pay into the PSSF on behalf
of each of its employees on an ongoing basis. If the PSSF ever reaches a level
that is insufficient to pay out the promised benefits, (and the PSSF is
currently under funded by $973 million and, on the basis of current actuarial
advice, will run out of funds in 35 years), those benefits would have to be paid
out of Government’s Consolidated Fund — i.e. its tax revenues. The
Government also contributes to the MMLPF on behalf of Ministers and Members of
the Legislature (elected MPs and appointed Senators). Costs for this plan are
higher than those for the PSSF participants. Its benefits also accrue faster.
The costs of these pension funds and the potential liabilities that may be
incurred through them are sound reasons why the SAGE Commission is examining the
circumstances of these funds.
THE EFFECT OF AN AGEING POPULATION ON PENSION PLANS
THE EFFECT OF AN AGEING POPULATION ON PENSION PLANS
population places greater demands on pension funds as employees retire. An
ageing population tends to reduce the number of employees contributing to
pension funds and increasingly shifts the burden of funding a government’s
ageing strategy to the taxpayers. Fewer contributions are made to pension and
health schemes just as the demands on them are growing. Government projections
anticipate that by 2030, there will be 62 children and elderly for every 100
persons of working age. There will be 36 persons aged 65 and over for every 100
persons of working age, or 2.8 workers for each person aged over 65. Estimates
suggested to the SAGE Commission have shown that by 2051, there may be less than
two contributions into the Contributory Pension Fund for every benefit payment.
In Bermuda, the issue is aggravated by the fact that the funds were not fully
funded at the outset and also that there are beneficiaries receiving pensions
who did not contribute from the beginning of their working lives. Clearly, on
the basis of all forecasts, there will be a community cost of sustaining the
ageing population and it will apparently have to be met from a shrinking tax
revenue base if Government is to carry the burden. Seniors have a propensity to
consume more health services. Government is currently considering how best these
should be provided and paid for. Opportunities will be created as demand
increases for specialized services to seniors (the majority of whom will be
women) and the private sector as well as Government should be alert to them.
Arguments can be made both for the continued employment of the over-65s and the
raising of the retirement age above 65. Ageing is an inevitable issue that
Bermuda has to address. The SAGE Commission will look at a portion of it, making
recommendations that are financially sound and supportive in respect of pension
funds and Social Insurance. As the Commission examines the effect an ageing
population has on the country’s benefits structures, some key questions arise
that merit careful consideration:
• Should Government be carrying the principal burden
of cost of our ageing population?
• Should Government be directing expenditures towards
seniors or subsidizing services?
• Should Bermuda’s tax structure be reviewed in
light of needs arising from an ageing population?
• Should Government’s ageing strategy incorporate
amendments to immigration policy to provide more persons of a working age to
support Bermuda’s retirees?
• Individuals now have some $2 billion in NPP funds to
their credit. As the country moves towards the creation of and dependence on
defined contribution schemes, do we need more community education on retirement
• Should Government be carrying the principal burden of cost of our ageing population?
• Should Government be directing expenditures towards seniors or subsidizing services?
• Should Bermuda’s tax structure be reviewed in light of needs arising from an ageing population?
• Should Government’s ageing strategy incorporate amendments to immigration policy to provide more persons of a working age to support Bermuda’s retirees?
• Individuals now have some $2 billion in NPP funds to their credit. As the country moves towards the creation of and dependence on defined contribution schemes, do we need more community education on retirement matters?
In the final analysis, the Bermuda public has to consider the totality of the ageing issue, as it includes all of us, and we must answer some important questions in the immediate future. How will the population of Bermuda support itself as it grows older? Should the responsibility rest with individuals, a private sector collective, or Government through its taxation policy? These are complex issues that won’t be resolved easily. We need to work together to consider how to strike a sustainable balance between fiscal and social responsibility.
2013. August 31. Plans are afoot to change a St David’s restaurant into a nursing facility for seniors. A planning application by the Kwaanza Trust, proposes turning a building at 11 Mount Road, which currently houses several apartments and the Lighthouse Grill restaurant, into a “nursing facility for senior care”. If approved, the “Wilbur Lowe Sr Nursing Facility” could house as many as 43 seniors, while offering day care and respite care. A business plan included in the application states that the home is hoped to offer long-term and short-term care for seniors and others who suffer “relatively stabilized chronic diseases” or a functional disability and require personal care. According to the application, renovations and additions to the building would include the instillation of several handicapped bathrooms and an elevator, along with the creation of 17 two-person bedrooms and three three-person bedrooms.
2013. August 27. SAGE Commission Chairman Brian Duperreault has defended its recommendation that Government implement its mandatory retirement age policy saying it would have the least economic impact on pension age civil servants and make room for others to move up Governments career ladder. The recommendation caused some concern at seniors advocacy group AGE Concern which warned that it could have unintended consequences and would retard the progress of human rights in Bermuda. But Mr Duppereault said the recommendation should be placed in its proper context as a short term issue to address a cost problem. "It's no statement that we think everyone should retire at 65. It's a context statement that says mandatory retirement at 65 is the policy of the government, we are saying adhere to that policy." Government has indicated its intention to ban age discrimination in the workplace, and is researching the impact of the change on pensions and retirement. It has already relaxed the mandatory retirement policy for public school teachers who can now work until 70 with the consent of the head of the Civil Service in line with the policy for civil servants. But in a cost-cutting deal with all public workers, Government is offering an incentive programme for early retirement targeted at the close to 500 public sector workers between 60 and 64. "If the policy should be changed, then address the policy. All we said was that's your policy, so stick to it," Mr Duperreault said. But he agreed that the financial impact of the recommendation was not a big amount. "It's just one suggestion among many for short term action, that's all this was." Mr Duppereault said the Commission did the necessary analysis but he was unwilling to provide concrete figures such as the financial impact of implementing the policy and its also unclear how many currently employed civil servants are 65 or over. Some high profile Government employees in their sixties are civil service head, Donald Scott, Assistant Cabinet Secretary Judith Hall-Bean, and Ellen Kate Horton who retired but was taken on again as a consultant. "This one has the least impact economically on the people who will be leaving the service because they have a pension," he said. "That's a reasonable thing to do. I don't think its contradictory." Mr Duperreault said he appreciated that the issue had stimulated discussion about Bermudas ageing population. "We are getting older. It's putting a big strain on our pensions. We have fewer and fewer younger people in our workforce. Our system is the young support the old. There are fewer young to support the old. There has to be certainly a dialogue about what this means to us as a community, and how we address pensions. So this question of living longer and working longer is I think very important to us. And is particularly important with respect to the pension obligation we have."
2013. August 7. An MP's claim that Government owes retired seniors a back dated pensions increase was based on a faulty interpretation of the law, The Royal Gazette can report. Shadow Finance Minister David Burt was wrong to claim in the House of Assembly that seniors were owed a $1000 increase, because the Pensions (Increase) Order 2013, which was passed in March, only applies to retired government workers and MPs. On July 26, Mr Burt told his parliamentary colleagues that retired civil servants had received their pensions increases, but other pensioners were still owed about $1,000 in increases, which were also to have been awarded retroactively. "As we approach Cup Match and we hear the chuckles going on, there are seniors who are on fixed incomes and pensions deserving of money that is owed to them by the Government but they haven't gotten their money. These are not laughing matters. These are the things which we have to discuss." Yesterday a Government spokesman clarified the March Order. "This Order does not apply to all pensioners," said a Finance ministry spokesman. "It does not apply to pensioners under the Contributory Pension Fund." The PLP MP yesterday admitted his mistake over his interpretation of the Order, and promised that it would not happen again. "What I can say is seven months into this job, I'm sure I won't make that mistake again. I can't say that I won't make any more mistakes, but I'll be more careful and if I am wrong, I'll be man enough to admit it as I have in this case." However, despite his mistake, Mr Burt is insistent that all pensioners should receive a cost of living increase, and questioned why they had not yet been given one by the One Bermuda Alliance. Yesterday, Mr Burt said he had been approached by a pensioner who complained, wrongly, that he did not receive his increase as provided by the March Order, but now realized he had been mistaken in his effort to represent the pensioner's concerns. "This matter raises a very important point," Mr Burt told The Royal Gazette. "Although pensioners receiving Social Insurance are not owed any backdated funds as was claimed, they have not had a cost of living increase in their pensions since 2011. If social insurance payments would have been raised when former government employees and former Members of the Legislature effective 2012, some seniors would have been owed up to $946.48 in backdated funds. Even though the Pensions Increase Act requires that pensions are reviewed every two years, this mandatory review does not apply to social insurance. Therefore the question must be asked, when does the government intend to review and consider a cost of living increase to pensioners receiving social insurance? Though the laws that govern social insurance do not require a biennial review, the Progressive Labour Party gave social insurance recipients an increase at a minimum of every two years. It has been two years since the last increase so seniors are rightfully asking, where is their cost of living increase? Seniors receiving social insurance are not owed any backdated funds, but they are owed an explanation as to why the OBA government has decided to, for the first time in 13 years, not give a biennial increase to Bermuda's Seniors, many of whom depend on their Social Insurance receipts."
2013. August 6. A recommendation by the SAGE Commission that Government implement the mandatory retirement policy for its workers has been met with dismay and a warning from advocacy group Age Concern. "Accepting the recommendation would retard the progress of human rights in Bermuda and could also sow the seeds of a long term social catastrophe," it said. "And Government may well pay a political price should it maintain the policy," added the organisations director Claudette Fleming. Topping the list of six recommendations in the Spending and Government Efficiency Commissions interim report released last week is a recommendation that mandatory policy of retirement at age 65 should be implemented immediately. "Such a policy would move Bermuda further behind Human Rights practices in the global community that legally protect work participation for persons 65 years and older as a core principle toward independence and financial security and thus would certainly not be a promise kept. The statement also seems a contradiction in light of other statements stating Government pensions are woefully under funded and unsustainable in the long-term. What then will be the fate of retiring civil servants after years of faithful service? The powers that be therefore should be duly cautioned not to turn the present spending crisis into a long-term social catastrophe because of a failure to consider the eventual unintended consequences of its action. Public policy is not the same as running private enterprise. When the going gets tough, older adults simply can't just pack up and go home, and they wont. But, they may walk straight to the polls and vote their way out of obscurity if that's what it takes. A thought well worth keeping in mind." Last week, Bermuda Industrial Union president Chris Furbert called for the SAGE Commission to justify its recommendation. "What they should have recommended to the Government is if people are going to stay on until 70 then certain conditions should not happen. People are living longer and because they are living longer they want to stay working longer. And you don't know what commitments people have, and whilst I do believe that people should one day retire, I believe that people should be able to stay on the job until 70. Should they stay past 70? I think at 70 you should be able to go home. But I certainly believe that the retirement age should be extended on a year-on-year basis to age 70. They should have some documentation that supports why they are saying their recommendation should be upheld by the Government." We asked SAGE Commission chairman Brian Duperreault what findings justified the recommendation. "The fact is Government is spending more than it makes. Costs have to be reduced," Mr Duperreault responded via e-mail. "Adhering to its own policy of retirement at age 65 is one of several good ways to reduce costs. This is also the fairest and least disruptive to the individual employee. He or she receives a pension, and there is no redundancy cost to Government. Adhering to the retirement policy also makes room for others coming along in the system." Both political parties support prohibiting age discrimination in employment. But the workplace was not included in the age discrimination prohibitions of the latest round of amendments to the Human Rights Act. Government has said that it is researching the impact of the change on pensions and retirement. But it went ahead and relaxed the mandatory retirement policy for public school teachers who can now work until 70 with the consent of the Head of the Civil Service in line with the policy for civil servants. And in a cost-cutting deal with all public workers, Government is offering an incentive programme for early retirement targeted at the close to 500 pubic sector workers between 60 and 64. Mr Duperreault was off the Island and had not responded by press time last night when asked whether the SAGE Commission took into account the public policy and human rights trends affecting older workers. Last night, Government confirmed that it was still fully committed to banning age discrimination in the workplace, and that its research and policy considerations were ongoing.
2013. July 16. Health Minister Patrice Gordon Pamplin refuted suggestions that FutureCare costs were being shifted onto lower-income policy holders. And she attacked the former administration for draining the consolidated fund, making it more difficult for Government to improve benefits. “Had there been money left in the consolidated fund by the previous administration that would have enabled additional benefits to be offered to all FutureCare clients, that would have been the first order of business. The prescription benefits had not been amended by the prior administration, notwithstanding the contention of the former Minister that benefits were running out. This OBA administration will re-evaluate the shabby treatment meted out to our seniors under the former administration and adjustments will be made based on actuarial extrapolations, which will include sustainability considerations.” The comments came in response to parliamentary questions, put forward by Shadow Minister for Health and Seniors Zane DeSilva. Mr DeSilva asked on July 3 what the effect of shifting the cost of premiums for the programme from high-income Bermudians to low-income Bermudians, if the Ministry is opposed to means testing and if prescription benefits would be improved. In a written response issued on Friday, Ms Gordon Pamplin said the cost of FutureCare was not being forced on lower-income policy holders. “When the higher FutureCare premium was instituted, there was no differentiation with respect to ability to pay, as the previous administration never implemented means testing. Those who signed on to FutureCare in the second and third tranche paid $600 irrespective of their ability to pay. There is therefore no evidence to support the statement that premium has been shifted from higher-income Bermudians to lower-income Bermudians, as both demographics would have been included in the first tranche as well as the second and third. It is incorrect to suggest that those who paid the higher premium on the second and third intakes were financially better off than those who were included in the first intake because the previous administration made no distinction.” She also said the Government has no objection to means testing, but a proper structure must first be developed and put in place for such a scheme to be viable. FutureCare was first launched in April 2009 with a premium of $260, with only those enrolled in the existing Health Insurance Programme (HIP) and over the age of 65 eligible, along with seniors deemed to be “indigent”. In 2010 FutureCare became a two-tier programme, with early adopters paying a premium of $300, while those who joined the programme later paid a premium of $600. Premiums rose to $375 for the first phase and $635 for the second and third phases in 2011. Earlier this year Government announced that it would end the two-tier structure and implement a single premium of $440 for all customers — a cost cut for some but an increase for others.
2013. May 16. A seniors advocate has called for stronger laws to protect the elderly from being exploited out of their property. Despite the 2008 introduction of the Seniors Abuse Registry Act, Age Concern Director Claudette Fleming said Bermuda suffered from “regulations but a lack of enforcement.” She spoke to The Royal Gazette after two cases came to light of elderly residents claiming unfair treatment from their families, involving property. Both complained to the National Office for Seniors and the Physically Challenged (NOSPC), and the agency confirmed it knew of their cases. However, NOSPC head John Payne said the capacity of the Registrar and the NOSPC to carry out their own investigations was “very limited. As a result, they work very closely with the Vulnerable Persons Unit of the Bermuda Police Service,” he said. There are now three persons named on the Senior Abuse Register created under the Act. But Mr Payne said that since alleged senior abuse must be tried in criminal rather than civil courts, the burden of proof is higher. “Neither the Registrar, nor the National Office, has the authority to find a person guilty of Senior Abuse. Only a court can determine guilt or innocence.” The Registrar takes advice from the Attorney General’s Chambers when needed — but cannot provide legal advice to clients. Instead, complainants are directed to seek their own legal advice. “When matters relate to property there are often legal issues that must be decided by the Courts,” Mr Payne continued. “In these situations, this is the advice given. Often there are other issues that impact on the care and well-being of the senior other than abuse. In these instances NOSPC works with the family and the senior to ensure that the appropriate services are put in place for the care of the senior. This is occurring in at least one of the cases mentioned.” One case involved an elderly man who unwittingly signed over his house to two grandchildren. NOSPC can’t comment on case specifics, but confirmed they were “aware of the concerns.” In another instance, an elderly woman who shared a home with her daughter claimed she was being forced to live at the top of a flight of stairs that she couldn’t negotiate. NOSPC “is aware of the concerns raised by this individual and her care givers and we are doing what we can to assist”, a spokesman said. Ms Fleming responded: “We’re not going to be able to go much further without strengthening the powers of the Registrar, in terms of human resources capacity. With an increasingly older population, contracting economy and the proliferation of greed, selfishness, attitudes of unearned entitlement, “the environment is ripe for the abuse of vulnerable people”. She suggested the creation of an Asset Protection Act allowing the Registrar to reverse “questionable decisions” made by the elderly. “They’ve given everything away — how can they take people to court? Sometimes people need others to go to bat for them.” She also called for “collegial responsibility from the legal fraternity to not allow certain cases to take place.” Last month, Age Concern offered a free legal seminar on wills and estates that was attended by 115 older adults, she said. Another is anticipated for later this year. “We’d like to see a whole lot more older adults, especially those 50 and older, getting their legal affairs in order, particularly if they own property. However, if for whatever reason older adults unwittingly fall into a situation of abuse, we expect those who are found guilty of that abuse will be appropriately and judiciously dealt with by the relevant legal authorities.”
2013. May 9. RG Editorial. The continued omission of age discrimination in employment from the latest planned amendments to the Human Rights Act has caused controversy. One of the arguments put forward by Age Concern — that workers should not be prevented from working beyond the traditional retirement age on the basis of age itself — highlights a wider issue for this community in the coming years. There are many reasons why older people would want to carry on working. First, because of the advances in healthcare and healthier lifestyles, many are far from ready to retire at 65 and have many more good years to offer their employer. The idea that ‘60 is the new 40’ raises the question of whether 65 is an appropriate retirement age for the 21st Century. Second, given the high cost of living in Bermuda and, in particular, soaring healthcare costs, older people need to work longer to make ends meet. The financial crash of five years ago, the collapse of Butterfield Bank shares and the departure of thousands of rent-paying expatriates in recent years may have derailed even the best-laid retirement plans, forcing many to work longer than they had planned. One of the problems with an ageing population is that it means more people (seniors) are drawing from the system while fewer (working-age population) are paying into it. It follows that when older people work for longer, it eases pressure on the public purse. Every year workers continue to draw a wage they can hold back from drawing a pension and at the same time, put more aside for future years, while continuing to contribute payroll taxes. The other side of the coin is that if people are slower to exit the workforce, what does that mean for young people looking for a job? According to the Labour Force Survey carried out last year, about a third of people aged between 16 and 24 were seeking work as of May 2012. The recession is disproportionately hitting both the young and seniors. The most obvious solution would seem to be economic growth and more jobs, so there’s enough work for everyone who wants it. Easier said than done in these difficult times, but at least we know that is a priority of the One Bermuda Alliance Government. In the meantime the fight to prevent age discrimination in the workplace will go on.
2013. May 9. The continued omission of age discrimination in employment from the latest planned amendments to the Human Rights Act has caused controversy. One of the arguments put forward by Age Concern — that workers should not be prevented from working beyond the traditional retirement age on the basis of age itself — highlights a wider issue for this community in the coming years. There are many reasons why older people would want to carry on working. First, because of the advances in healthcare and healthier lifestyles, many are far from ready to retire at 65 and have many more good years to offer their employer. The idea that ‘60 is the new 40’ raises the question of whether 65 is an appropriate retirement age for the 21st Century. Second, given the high cost of living in Bermuda and, in particular, soaring healthcare costs, older people need to work longer to make ends meet. The financial crash of five years ago, the collapse of Butterfield Bank shares and the departure of thousands of rent-paying expatriates in recent years may have derailed even the best-laid retirement plans, forcing many to work longer than they had planned. One of the problems with an ageing population is that it means more people (seniors) are drawing from the system while fewer (working-age population) are paying into it. It follows that when older people work for longer, it eases pressure on the public purse. Every year workers continue to draw a wage they can hold back from drawing a pension and at the same time, put more aside for future years, while continuing to contribute payroll taxes. The other side of the coin is that if people are slower to exit the workforce, what does that mean for young people looking for a job? According to the Labour Force Survey carried out last year, about a third of people aged between 16 and 24 were seeking work as of May 2012. The recession is disproportionately hitting both the young and seniors. The most obvious solution would seem to be economic growth and more jobs, so there’s enough work for everyone who wants it. Easier said than done in these difficult times, but at least we know that is a priority of the One Bermuda Alliance Government. In the meantime the fight to prevent age discrimination in the workplace will go on.
2013. April 8. A coming change in FutureCare premiums has angered some seniors, who say the programme is rapidly becoming too expensive. The new rate structure, unveiled by Government last week, ends the existing two-tier system in which seniors paid different premiums for identical benefits based only on when they joined the programme. Those enrolled in the second and third phases will see their monthly premiums fall by $195, and Government said those who cannot afford the premiums can apply to have FutureCare included as part of Financial Assistance benefits. However those in the first phase said their premiums will increase for the fourth consecutive year. One senior, who asked not to be named, said both she and her husband were automatically enrolled in the first phase of FutureCare when the programme began in 2009. Since then, they have seen premiums for the programme rise every year. “It has jumped from $260 to $440, a 70 percent rise in four years, 17 percent a year,” she said. “How are we pensioners supposed to keep up with this when any pension increase is minimal? It is now more than one third of our pension.” She also stated that they have to pay for part of the cost of doctors, dentists and prescriptions. “It certainly stops me from going to the doctor unless I am really in need,” she said. “I only have a Government pension as I worked part time and was deemed not entitled to pay into a pension scheme with my employers, who were Government. “I acknowledge that it was not really fair for the second phase to pay more, but to up our payments by so much is unfair.” A 78-year-old man, who said he was also enrolled in the first phase of the programme, said he was upset about the rate increase for both himself and his wife. “Prior to retirement we were both self-employed,” he said. “I get a Government pension of $526.17 a month, my wife has no pension. My premium is automatically deducted from my pension, therefore with the new rate (I still have to pay my wife’s premium) my pension is down to $86.17. We live on the money we have carefully saved all our lives and at the moment are looking at a mere 0.5 percent interest rate offered by the local banks. What was in their minds to deem it as in any way equitable to increase to the fullest those on the first tier, bring tier two all the way down — not part of the way — and then leave the HIPsters to go totally scot free? Cannot these rampant hikes take place over a few years instead of one?” Another senior enrolled in the first phase said: “I live on my own and pay my own expenses. While I was in the working field I saved money for my future. My pension does not cover all of my expenses, I have to go into my savings to cover the remaining expenses for the month. I do not receive Government Financial Assistance. Many have been receiving FutureCare paid by Financial Assistance, prescriptions free, house rent paid, food allowance, electricity and telephone expenses paid monthly. Many receive a widow/widowers pension cheque and others a non-contributory pension to spend as they wish. Now, Government will be paying the increase of FutureCare for all on Financial Assistance. This is not fair.”
2012. October 22. The combination of the Island’s escalating healthcare costs and the state of elder care is a “sleeping time bomb” in need of an immediate fix, seniors’ advocate Claudette Fleming has claimed. And pensioners can’t afford to wait until a Government review of healthcare is completed, she insisted. “I understand that the acting manager of National Office for Seniors and the Physically Challenged has been charged under the National Health Plan task force to look at the issue extensively. However, most individuals who need long-term care need viable solutions today,” said Ms Fleming. Residential elder care in Bermuda means “long waiting lists, limited facilities and sizeable monthly fees and crippling staffing costs with little private financing options and no insurance provisions private or public. It’s the sleeping time bomb of the ageing population. Most people in need of immediate long-term care can expect to encounter a waiting list, limited facility options and sizeable monthly fees. Those wanting to get into and stay in the business have to be creative of how to avoid crippling staffing costs.” The costs for residential care range from $3,500 to $14,000 a month. Ms Fleming noted: “There are few private financing options except perhaps individual private savings, and no long-term care insurance provisions private or public. The Government heavily subsidizes long-term care through grants to facilities such as Lefroy House, Sylvia Richardson and the Continuing Care Unit. Individual seniors who are deemed poor enough can get support through Financial Assistance but even the Financial Assistance Department will have to establish its support limits as the population ages, if it has not done so already. Perhaps the most efficient and cost-effective way to go is to provide financial support to families to keep their ageing relatives at home for as long as possible. But, this will only prove to be a viable option if families are supported financially and in the workplace and if we transition to a more community-focused delivery of healthcare within the home setting that supports the family’s efforts. Still, there will always be those persons who will require residential, long-term care so there will always be a need for some facilities to be in existence." According to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Bermuda is the second most expensive country for healthcare and that’s without universal coverage. Senior citizens also represent the fastest growing segment of Bermuda’s population. Ms Fleming said: “The silence on the issue of long-term care is deafening. To say the buck keeps getting passed is an understatement, we can’t even find the buck anymore. We could help tremendously by implementing a national agenda on how to systematically address these types of ageing issues. We continue to extend our support, wherever possible, to bring a national ageing plan into fruition in the sincere interest of the successful ageing of the people of Bermuda.” Elder care is one of many issues being tackled under the proposed National Health Plan. “CCU continues to be over-subscribed,” said Health Minister Zane DeSilva at a recent press conference. “The long-term task group, that is in their remit and I expect that to be part of their final report. It won’t be in the new hospital. The CCU will stay where it is and it will continue to be funded as it is and you will know that most of that funding is through subsidy through the Government. There is a long waiting list for CCU as there are for many of our homes throughout the Island, that is going to be addressed by the long-term task group.” Westmeath Residential and Nursing Care Home raised residential rates this month. Administrator Chrissie Kempe would not state what the new fees were. “Disclosing to you the details of these increases would breach private contractual information between residents and Westmeath,” she said “In the current economic climate Westmeath, as a non-profit organization, must be mindful of the increasing costs associated with care and the obligation to our employees. Westmeath does not believe this is a topic to be debated in the press.” The general consensus expressed at other rest homes was that they “could use a rate hike to match rising costs.” A spokeswoman at Matilda Smith Williams Home said they haven’t had an increase in years. That sentiment was echoed at Packwood Home where there are 28 residents in a facility with 30 beds paying approximately $5,000 a month for elder care. Jennifer Attride-Stirling of the Bermuda Health Council said: “The Bermuda Health Council doesn’t regulate the price of residential care facilities. There is no legislated mandate to do so. The extent to which long-term care is deemed an essential health service is an issue that is being considered under the National Health Plan.”
2013. March 28. The Senate last night approved legislation ending a vehicle licence fee exemption for seniors, despite multiple attempts by the Opposition to change the legislation. During a debate in the Upper Chamber, Senator Marc Daniels tabled three potential amendments to the legislation, all of which were voted down by Government senators. The Motor Car Amendment Act 2013, set to come into effect on April 1, increases the cost of vehicle licence fees by three percent. It also rescinds an exception for senior citizens, allowing them to licence their vehicles for free. Instead, seniors will receive a discount of 50 percent. The exemption was put in place in 2007 by the Progressive Labour Party Government, but the ruling One Bermuda Alliance has said the policy was a mistake, costing the government $3.5 million in lost revenue every year. It has also reportedly been exploited, with the number of Class H cars being registered to seniors rising by 358 percent. Government originally planned to modify the exemption so that it would only apply for smaller vehicles, but chose to eliminate it for all classes of car after hearing concerns the partial elimination could be seen as discriminatory. Senator Daniels yesterday expressed several concerns about the legislation, saying that the way it had been unveiled had led to confusion. He suggested that the amendment be modified so that the exemptions would end next year rather than next month to allow seniors more time to prepare for the financial impact, saying: “No one knew this was coming.” Sen Daniels also noted that in the House of Assembly, Attorney General Mark Pettingill had stated that in error that the legislation included a way for seniors facing financial hardship to apply to the Minister for an exemption. While Mr Pettingill later released a statement clarifying there was no available exemption for financial hardship, Sen Daniels said such a measure should be included. “It costs you nothing to allow the seniors to make an application for that excerption,” he said. He further suggested that, even if Government were not willing to back down on ending the exemption, that they might lower the rate paid by seniors to 25 percent rather than 50 percent. The senator tabled three potential amendments to the legislation, which would implement his suggestions, but all three were voted down. Senator Michael Fahy said that the decision to end the exemption was a difficult, but that difficult choices had to be made to get the Island’s financial situation in order. “We are just going to have to deal with that unfortunately,” he said. “That’s just the way it’s going to have to be for a while.”
2012. March 29. Seniors excluded from Government financial assistance have been made eligible again. A stipulation in the 2004 Financial Assistance Regulations, which blocked struggling seniors who owned their own homes from receiving help, has been rolled back, effective next week. Seventeen seniors were declared ineligible for assistance over the past year because they owned their own homes or had interest in property. Families Minister Glenn Blakeney yesterday announced that changes will be made to the Financial Assistance Regulations 2004, enabling such persons to be assessed for benefits. “Some will recall that on April 1 2011, the Financial Assistance Regulations 2004 came into effect and changed eligibility criteria such that any applicant with assets exceeding $5,000, inclusive of interest in real property, would not be eligible to receive financial assistance,” Mr Blakeney said. “There were 34 seniors who owned property and were receiving financial assistance at the time the legislation changed on April 1 2011. Those seniors were ‘grandfathered in’ and allowed to continue to receive financial assistance for one year up until March 31 2012.” However, the Families Minister said, the Department of Financial Assistance discovered that some older residents were being left out in the cold. “Since the legislative changes went into effect, it has been observed that there has been an adverse impact on seniors who are homeowners or who have an interest in real property, even though the changes in the law made at that time were not intended to disadvantage such persons.” Mr Blakeney said: “These most recent amendments to the Financial Assistance Regulations 2004 will take effect on April 1 2012 and will mean that persons 65 years or older will not have their interest in real property factored into consideration by the Department of Financial Assistance when calculating the value of assets for purposes of eligibility to receive financial assistance benefits.” The news was welcomed by Age Concern director Claudette Fleming, who said she knew seniors who had been hit by the earlier regulations. She said Government’s action was “probably not quick enough for those being affected”, but praised the reversal. “There are times when good intentions yield unintended consequences,” Ms Fleming said, adding that it was important that “there remains a willingness to be flexible”. Seniors advocate Marian Sherratt suggested an adjustment of financial assistance to “house rich, cash poor” seniors, in the form of a loan that required property put forward as collateral. Assistance could then be repaid by family, or the estate itself, she said. “This puts the funds back into the pot to help someone else, rather than increasing Government debt and, ultimately, taxes,” Ms Sherratt said. “I can also see the potential for abuse if Government supports the home owning senior while the family waits to inherit property free and clear.” Shadow Community Development Minister Donte Hunt called the switch good news for the seniors who would now get help. “But it comes after so many tales of hardship have been put to the Government people like ‘Mrs O’ and ‘Auntie Em’, who suffered for years without help from Financial Assistance. The arguments for expanding access to financial assistance for struggling seniors who owned their own home or had an interest in it have been put by Opposition spokesmen for years, dating as far back as Health Minister Patrice Minors. The hardships have not fundamentally changed for these seniors, yet only now in the shadow of an impending election does the Government finally extend a helping hand. Good for them, but people’s needs, not political needs, should be what drives decisions such as this.”
2012. March 6. The advocacy group for seniors, Age Concern, has been inundated with calls for assistance to help keep the lights on. The Age Concern Belco Hardship Fund was established last June to assist senior citizens on fixed incomes who are having trouble making ends meet. Director James McCulloch, who assesses the cases, attributes the increase to the fact that several seniors have reached the limit on their health insurance allowances that cover 80 percent of costs for prescription drugs. In some cases the need is so bad that seniors are having to choose between buying food, medication that keeps them alive or pay their light bills. With $24,000 in donations 25 households have been assisted to the tune of $15,000. In an interview with The Royal Gazette, Mr McCulloch said: “This is the worst we’ve ever seen it, they keep coming and the numbers are accelerating. The insurance coverage runs on the same financial year as government. The new financial year starts April 1 and by this time of year many of the applicants have reached the ceiling. Until next month they either pay the full price for medicine or they don’t buy it, or they fall behind on other bills it’s a sign of the times. Most of the people I meet they are proud, they’re embarrassed about having to ask, they’re grateful for any help they can get and many of them are at their wits end. They’re stressed, many are single or widowed, 70 percent are women. I see elderly married couples and single male applicants as well, most are being threatened with a disconnect, their bills range from $250 to $2,000. The largest single bill paid was $2,000 for a man who is out of work who is over the age of 65 but there’s a lot of people are haunted by being out of work. The son or daughter who chipped in before are now unemployed. We can’t give every month it’s a one-off payment; we give them a hand up just to get over one crisis in the hope that things will get better in the spring or in the summer. Some people are in jobs that depend on the tourism industry, taxi drivers say they’ll be able to get work in April but they need help now because they cannot pay their bills. We must be able to see that there is a prospect of them being able to cope with their electricity bill if we just take care of this one. They must be in danger of being disconnected or actually be disconnected, I’ve been to houses that are actually in the dark. It’s very real when you have somebody who has already had a stroke or he’s got a pacemaker and is in in desperate need. The level of family support varies, sometimes they’re all chipping in and sometimes they’re not. It makes for a very lonely situation for a lot of senior citizens, at the rate we’re going all the money will soon be all gone. We do need some help, our budget has been cut for the last two years. We get grants from Government, charities and others but we’re all facing the same story; charitable donations are difficult to find.” The most troubling cases he has seen so far involves an elderly woman in her 80s who has already had a stroke. She is on medication to prevent her from having another stroke and in January she was told her coverage has run out. “She took her last bit of money out of the bank to pay for either her prescription or she bought food, but she has stopped taking her medication. I don’t see the logic from a countrywide point of view. If she has another stroke, there’s considerable chances that not only will her lifestyle be impaired but she might end up in long term care which will cost a fortune. It would be far better to keep her on preventive medicine than it will to deal with the consequences of her having another stroke or even a heart attack. She was two months in arrears, her light bill was $400 but it’s hard to catch up once you fall behind. The problem does not discriminate it doesn’t matter what colour you are I am seeing them all, I’m meeting and seeing people from all walks of life.” Mr McCulloch also questioned what he termed the short sightedness of the decision by Government to relax the rules to allow people to dip into their pension funds due to hard times. “I meet people who don’t have much income by way of pensions, they get an occupational pension or sometimes they don’t. Sometimes they have a full government pension of about $1,100, but there are those who don’t have a full contribution record. I would be very reluctant to dip into my own pension fund no matter how hard times are because it affects your future, it means you’ll have less pension going forward. A pension payment holiday in some ways I think its madness. I see people now who don’t have enough to live on, in 20 years we’ll be finding more people who’s income is reduced partly because they took advantage of this. All it does is let you steal from your own future. In a world of instant gratification some people just won’t care and that’s exactly the point. The most insidious thing is its tempting, its attractive and it gives you something now, but its not going to help you later. All it means is another set of elderly poor people, a new underclass. There is a price to be paid for dipping into your pension now, it means poverty when you’re 65.”
2013. March 4. Government looks set to backtrack on controversial plans to make all senior motorists pay for a vehicle licence. Laws exempting older owners of any vehicle from the annual fee were introduced by the former Progressive Labour Party Government in 2007. But in last month’s Budget, the new One Bermuda Alliance administration said the law needed to be amended to stop the tax break being abused. Under fresh proposals, seniors who owned vehicles in bands A-D would still qualify for a full exemption, but owners of larger vehicles in bands E-H would have to pay the full fee. The decision was met with concern by advocates for the elderly, while one senior told The Royal Gazette that a two-tier tax system would be discriminatory. Acknowledging that the plan was “distressing” to some seniors, Transport Minister Shawn Crockwell has now confirmed that Government is to rethink its position on the matter — even though a Bill outlining the changes has already been tabled in the House of Assembly. “The discriminatory argument is one that does have its merits and so we will be looking at this decision again. I have spoken to my technical officers and the Minister of Finance and we will be looking at the issue of treating seniors differently.” Mr Crockwell did not reveal details of how the new law will now be drafted to close the loophole while treating seniors across the board the same. “This adjustment will not affect the revenue position we expect to achieve but will address the valid concern of potential unfairness. Any revision of the Bill will be straightforward. Additionally, those seniors who require specific vehicles for health or disability reasons will still be able to apply to the Minister for an exemption pursuant to section 62A of the Motor Car Act 1951.” Seniors’ rights charity Age Concern gave a guarded response to the reversal, saying that it would reserve comment until it had seen the revised policy. The Royal Gazette understands that Age Concern representatives will be meeting with Minister Crockwell this morning. Government put forward the amendment after Transport Control Department data suggested the exemption was being abused. There was a 26 percent increase in the number of vehicles being registered by seniors after the tax holiday was introduced, while the number of Band H cars — the most expensive vehicle to licence — shot up by a massive 358 percent. Mr Crockwell said a study had shown that, after the exemption rule had been introduced, some car owners were “selling” their vehicles to elderly relatives, who could then get a licence without having to pay. “The scam — which was in most cases not technically illegal — was estimated to have cost Government $40 million. I should point out that the recommendation to repeal the exemption for seniors licensing cars in classes E through H was from a report prepared by Government’s Department of Internal Audit, which outlined abuse of the exemption costing millions in lost revenue. There are cases we could identify where an individual was registering their car and, immediately after the law came into place, it was being registered by their mother. That was the type of circumstance in which it was being abused and it was costing $40 million a year. You have to take a look at it, especially in the current economic climate, and we needed to come up with another way. But we have now listened to the concerns of the seniors and decided to look at the position with a view to making an adjustment which doesn’t only affect one group of seniors.” The loophole had previously been flagged up by the PLP Government. However, when it attempted to reverse the policy in 2011 — by limiting the exemption to vehicles in bands A-D — the move was criticized and eventually dropped. Instead, the then-Government hoped toughening up vetting procedures would tighten the loophole. Seniors had to visit TCD in person with their driving licence in order to qualify for the exemption.
None. Some retired seniors have spent thousands of dollars out of their own funds for heart surgery in the USA. If/when they had major medical benefits through their employers when they were employed, it stopped when they retired. There is no local equivalent to what non-affluent citizens in the USA receive as Medicare or Medicaid. In comparison, in Canada, generous provisions apply to seniors for health services, with very little wait time. In the UK and Ireland, seniors who need general medical, hospital and prescription services are included in the National Health Service at no additional cost, as part of the taxes they pay. They don't need to have supplementary private-sector (BUPA etc) hospital and medical insurance, although some have, mostly to avoid operation wait-times and/or to have elective, non-emergency surgery.
Continental Building, on the corner of Church Street and Cedar Avenue, Hamilton. Phone 292-7802. Established by the Bermuda Government in 2002. It was allotted almost $1 million in the most recent (2014-2015) Budget, with $529,000 of that for seniors. Its roles, responsibilities and organizational structure are under review and its three most senior staff positions are vacant but are being covered in an "acting capacity" until the review is complete. The NOSPC's manager is also appointed Senior Abuse Registrar under the Senior Abuse Register Act 2008. John Payne, the former manager and Registrar, retired on October 31, 2014, and administrator Keeona Belboda has been seconded to fill the role until the end of March. Social worker Katherina Gibbons is the office's co-ordinator for seniors. The Ministry of Health has said the NOSPC would be restructured in 2015 and "posts may be recruited." Under the Act, it is the duty of the Registrar to cause an investigation to be carried out if a complaint of elder abuse is made. According to the Ministry of Health, 34 complaints of elder abuse were made between January and October 2014, resulting in 22 investigations. The ministry will not share the outcomes but none are believed to have led to prosecutions under the Senior Abuse Register Act. According to the most recent Government Budget Book, there were 205 cases of elder abuse managed in the fiscal year 2012-13, resulting in six investigations, and 170 cases managed the subsequent financial year, resulting in ten investigations. Outcomes are not provided. The Senior Abuse Registrar has successfully applied for two protection orders under the Domestic Violence (Protection Orders) Act, according to the Ministry of Health. The Department for Public Prosecutions did not respond to a request for the number of prosecutions and convictions under the Senior Abuse Register Act since it came into effect in March 2008. The Senior Abuse Register is confidential and not available for public inspection or publication. Three people are listed on it. Bermuda has at least 20 residential facilities for the elderly, ranging in cost from $1,395 (Lefroy House) to $13,800 (Continuing Care Unit) a month, according to figures provided on December 30, 2014, by the Ministry of Health. The average monthly fee is about $5,000. The NOSPC conducted 25 elder care facility inspections in both 2012-13 and 2013-14, according to the Budget Book, with the aim to increase that to 35 in the fiscal year 2014-15. Health Minister Jeanne Atherden said in November 2014 that changes had been made to the "residential care facilities visiting process" so inspections now happen three times a year: two scheduled and one unscheduled. The Residential Care Homes and Nursing Homes Regulations 2001 set out the requirements for homes and those convicted of breaching the regulations can be fined $10,000. The public can request the Chief Medical Officer make the register of residential homes available to view during normal business hours. According to the 2010 Census, Bermuda had a senior population (aged 65 and above) of 8,683. The authorities say that figure is rising rapidly.
See the Bermuda Government's The Pension Commission, at http://www.pensioncommission.bm/. Not Social Security (see separately), but private pension plans. The National Pension Scheme Act 1999 became effective on 1st January 2000. All employers, whether local or international or exempted must comply, for every employee whether Bermudian or a non-Bermudian spouse of a Bermudian of from 23 years of age who works a minimum of 720 hours per calendar year. Employers may, however, offer more generous eligibility provisions to employees by allowing them to become members of their pension plan at an earlier age and with fewer numbers of hours worked. While 65 for men and women is when those eligible in Bermuda will get Social Security, private pension plans can be more generous and in lesser age as well. Note that the Act specifies private pensions only for Bermudian and international or exempted company employers employing Bermudians or non-Bermudian spouses of Bermudians. There is no requirement to establish pension plans for guest workers, which may come as a shock to the latter. Non-Bermudian employees should ask local and international companies and or the Bermuda Government employing them what, if anything, they offer as private pension plans or equivalent, so they know where they stand and what they can expect to take with them when they leave Bermuda.
For those who qualify under the Act for pension eligibility, the pension scheme (plan) can be offered only by approved local insurance companies, not the "exempted" or "international" variety registered in Bermuda but not "corporate citizens" as they are often referred to, inaccurately.
The Act removed many of the anomalies and restrictions that since the 1970s for "approved private pension plans" had existed in some with 15 or more years service but had severely restricted or totally excluded others, for example all those with say 12 years service with the same employer by retirement age. The current Act creates some portability for plans of all employers and employees. But for some people close to retirement age when it came into effect, it was far too late to ensure that once they become senior citizens and retire from working, they will have an adequate income without hardship.
Minimum contribution rates are based on pensionable earnings per year. At January 14, 2012 Approved Pension Plan Administrators under the Act were:
Life Insurance Company Ltd.
Life Insurance Company Ltd (Argus).
Investment Advisory Services Ltd.
Pension Services Ltd.
Insurance Services Ltd.
Cooper Young & Associates Ltd.
See under "National Pension Scheme" and "Social Security."
Many elderly Bermudians and some non-Bermudian residents need to sell their homes to fund living in a purpose-built retirement facility for senior citizens. They have no other options such as reverse mortgages in the USA and their UK or Canadian equivalents. A reverse mortgage in the USA is a way to get money out of your home without having to leave it. It is a loan against the equity built up in the home that is repaid with interest when the owner dies or leaves or sells the property. In the USA, homeowners must be 62 or older and on the main residence only. There is no equivalent of a reverse mortgage in Bermuda.
There is a chronic shortage of affordable integrated-care premises for seniors who do not but can live independently without assistance and those who need assisted living arrangements. Costs are hugely expensive. Many locals cannot afford them and may live in very inadequate conditions. Most seniors prefer to be independent for as long as possible. The concept of an extended family having live-in matriarchs and patriarchs being honored in their declining years has disappeared in Bermuda. Some spouses, unable to look after their husbands or wives, have put them into care or retirement homes if they can afford it.
There are three categories of residential care available for seniors, many of whom are also fragile and vulnerable, with skins like tissue paper and bones like porcelain. An evaluation is normally required to determine which type of home is appropriate. A family member or caregiver may wish to ask the family physician about this, or refer it to the National Office for Seniors and Physically Challenged or to the King Edward VII Memorial Hospital's Geriatric Assessment and Planning (GAP) team.
Skilled Care (S). These facilities provide the highest level of care needed when a senior is chronically ill, has a functional disability and limited potential for rehabilitation. These facilities provide long-term/short-term personal and nursing care on a 24-hour basis, as well as nursing assessment, intervention and evaluation. Medical support is usually provided by a house physician.
Intermediate Care (Int). For Seniors with a relatively stabilized chronic disease (physical or mental) or functional disability. They may require personal care on a 24-hour basis as well as supervision or assistance with activities of daily living. These facilities also provide nursing assessment, intervention and evaluation. The resident’s personal physician will usually provide medical support.
Independent Care (Ind). These provide long-term and/or short-term care for seniors who are ambulant or independently mobile, or many have minor decreased mobility or decreased functional disabilities (physical or mental) and require minimum supervision or assistance with the activities of daily living. Medical support when necessary is provided by the resident’s physician when necessary.
Serenity Gardens Nursing Home, Glenwood Park Lane, Warwick.
Sylvia Richardson Care Facility January 2007. Photo by Chris Burville copyright The Royal Gazette
Instituted to help stop abuse to seniors/
Social Insurance Department, Government Administration Building, 30 Parliament Street, Hamilton HM 12. Phone 295-5151 extension 1129 or 1131. In Bermuda, the maximum Social Security benefit obtainable is $980 a month for those who qualify, about 22% of all local pensioners.
Current deductions from wages or salaries apply under section 4 of the Contributory Pensions Act 1970.
Effective August 1, 2012. The new weekly rate is $64.14 - Employer portion $32.07 and Employee portion $32.07.
There is a Contributory Pensions Appeal Tribunal. See Bermuda Government Boards
When private corporate pensions are offered, they are in addition to the Government administered Contributory Pensions plan shown above.
The table above compares badly to Social Security in the USA which averages $1,550 in USA for persons have not worked for 50 years and, for those with a more modern and sustained employment history can quite easily be US$1,844 a month, or $2,180 a month at age 67 or $2,697 a month if a pensioner is healthy enough to wait until age 70 before drawing benefits. See the USA's Social Security Administration. There is no standard rates file as pensions can vary appreciably. Over 60s men do not get a Social Security pension until they are 65, if they qualify. At Age Concern In the United Kingdom, some offices will supply immediately on request or within 24 hours by e-mail a 5-page "Benefit rates for the Over 60s" guide showing a variety of rates for which individuals will be eligible depending on if and how they qualify - including men over 60. There is no standard "Benefit rates for the Over 60s" guide as there is in the United Kingdom, Canada and USA.
In Canada, each senior is paid an OAP/CCP by the Government. For those without any other source of income, Social Security monthly can be as high as Ca $2600. For those with a substantial income from a private or teacher's pension or other sources, the OAP/CCP can be as low as Ca $400. Canadians are so lucky with their Health plan; and in Ontario seniors get free prescription drugs for over 1500 prescribed things! Their GST tax and other taxes cover much of it. The plan gives peace of mind to Canadians.
In comparison to social security benefits for its citizens who have paid taxes all their working life and beyond, Bermuda Government pensions for its employees or Members of Parliament are for far shorter periods of time, offer much bigger pensions and get regular cost of living increases. Seniors over the age of 65 and employed no longer have to pay Social Insurance contributions but employers must do so. Many pensioners exist solely on their Social Security because they do not qualify at all for any corporate pension, or their corporate pension benefits ceased when a spouse died. The cost in Bermuda for a private Senior Citizens home for the elderly is more than 7 times the average social security pension and can easily be as high as $95,000 a year.
An ID card. Bermudian or Bermuda-resident women and men must be at least 65 years old to qualify, except for the registered disabled under the age of 65. For local travel by bus and ferry, free for seniors and disabled on production. Not valid abroad.
In Bermuda, there are no retirement homes or hospitals specifically for World War veterans. Some Bermuda veterans have had to pay more than $100,000 out of their own money if they have it to overseas hospitals for operations, owing to a lack of affordable medical insurance. If they don't have the funds and can't strike a deal with the LCCA to borrow the money, they don't get treated overseas.
|Activities Association of Bermuda (AAB)||Promoters of quality care for Bermuda's seniors. Has periodic workshops in Bermuda in partnership with the US National Association of Activity Professionals (NAAP).|
|Activities Center||KEMH Continuing Care Unit, 7 Point Finger Road, Paget DV 04. Phone 239-2020. Adult day care center for seniors. Transportation provided for participating residents living from Crawl Hill to Horseshoe Bay.|
|Admiralty House Community Center||2 Admiralty Lane, Pembroke HM 01. Phone 295-9094. Fax 295-4695. For older adults. Registered charity 089.|
|Age Concern||Bermuda-registered charity # 137. Charities House, 25 Point Finger Road, Paget DV 04, Bermuda. P. O. Box HM 2397, Hamilton HM JX, Bermuda. Telephone (441) 238-7525. Fax (441) 238-7177. Open to the public 9 am-4 pm Monday-Friday. Not part of Age Concern in UK. Annual membership fee to individuals.|
|Amigos De Terciera Idade - Friends of Senior Citizens||Registered charity 577|
|Bermuda Alzheimer's Family Support Association||P. O. Box DV 114, Devonshire DV BX. Meets second Tuesday of each month, Continuous Care Unit Activities room, King Edward VII Memorial Hospital, 5:30 pm. Call Julie Kay Darrell at 238-2168.|
|Bermuda Amputee Support Group||80-100 known amputees, from 17-90 years old. Most are from diabetes. A few have bone tumors. They are in the Limb and Brace Unit of KEMH Physiotherapy. Established in 2002 by KEMH physiotherapist Carol Sawyer and social worker Paul Chan.|
|Bermuda Bereavement Association of Care Givers||P. O. Box DD 174, St. David's DD BX. Phone 297-0030|
|Bermuda Council on Aging (BCA)||Formed
in late 2006 in response to a growing awareness
that Bermuda's population is growing older, with
a mission to foster
dialogue and collaborative action regarding
|Bermuda Gerontological Society||A senior citizens group. Meets second Tuesday of each month at Peace Lutheran Church Hall, 5:30 pm.|
|Bermuda Red Cross||8 Berry Hill Road, Paget. P. O. Box HM 772, Hamilton HM CX, Bermuda. Administrative Office telephone 236-8253 or fax 236 8267. Since 1950. Blood Donor Center, hospital (441) 236 5067 (fax 236 2272). A volunteer organization, made up of public spirited individuals, many of them retired from regular jobs. Services to seniors and the disabled include hospital equipment rental, to help customers recuperate in their own homes.|
|Bermuda War Veterans Association||Registered charity 140. All surviving members are senior citizens|
|Communication for the Hearing Impaired||Telephone 292-7703.|
|Community Nursing Service||Bermuda Health Department. P. O. Box HM 1195, Hamilton HM EX.|
|Cornerstone||Phone 234-4022. 4 Oriel Lane, Scott's Hill Road, Sandys MA 04. Adult day care center for seniors and independent residential care.|
|Department of Health & Social Services||A Bermuda Government agency, in the Ministry of Health and Family Services. 7 Point Finger Road, Paget DV 04. Telephone (441) 236-0224 or fax (441) 236-3971|
|Friends of Lefroy House Association||Lefroy House, P. O. Box MA 118, Mangrove Bay, MA BX. Phone 234-0525 or 234-2152. Lefroy House near Dockyard is a home for seniors. Promotes the involvement of relatives and friends. Registered charity 393.|
|Golden Hour Club||For seniors, at Bermuda Red Cross, meetings twice a month, phone 236-8253.|
|Happy Seniors Club||A senior citizens group. Meets Tuesday, 11:30 to 3 pm, Hamilton Adventist Center. Call 292-0654 or 292-2160.|
|Island-wide Social Committee||A seniors group|
|King Edward VII Memorial Hospital (KEMH)||An associate member of the American Hospital
Association. It is accredited every three
years by the Canadian Council on Health Services
Accreditation at FLR 4-1730, St. Laurent
Boulevard, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1G 5LI, telephone (613) 738 3800.
For seniors, in the Continuing Care Unit, phone 236-2345 x 1377 or 1708, there is
|Lady Cubitt Compassionate Association (LCCA)||International Center, Suite 211, Bermudiana Road, Hamilton. P. O. Box HM 64, Hamilton HM AX. Phone 292-1132 or fax 295- 7147. It relieves poverty, suffering and distress, gives help and advice and lends - on a repayment program - funds for senior citizens and others to go overseas for medical and surgical treatment when local employment via employers or family has ceased or is inadequate. Registered charity 087.|
|Meals on Wheels||103 South Road, Paget, PG 03. P. O. Box PG 312, Paget PG BX. Phone 236-1815. Fax 232-2070. It supplies nourishing lunchtime cooked meals 4 days a week for persons who for reasons of health cannot prepare meals for themselves, whether on release from hospital or on a longer term. Registered charity 109.|
|National Office for Seniors and Physically Challenged.||Since 1992. Stonehall, 60 Victoria Street, Hamilton, next to St. Paul AME Church. Or by Airmail at P. O. Box HM 1195, Hamilton HM EX, Bermuda. Phone 292-7802. Fax 292-9135 (Seniors) or 292-7681 (Disabled).|
|Project Action||Registered Charity 561. In Bermuda, free bus service for seniors in private and government-run homes. Also has a specially-equipped (for wheelchair and ambulatory disabled) bus, as a service to seniors and disabled - residents only, not visitors. P. O. Box FL 136, Flatts, FL BX.|
|The Residents' Family Council||Support for seniors who are residents of the Continuing Care Unit (CCU) at the King Edward VII Hospital and their families.|
|St. George's Joy Club||For senior citizens. First and third Wednesdays of each month. Meets at St. George's Community Centre, Old Military Road, near bus terminal, 1-3:30 pm. Call 297-1765 or 297-0913.|
|Seniors Active Club||A senior citizens group. Homestead Lane, Southampton SB 04.|
|Seniors Advisory Council||Government-appointed in March 2015 to better deal with concerns of seniors.|
|Senior Islanders Club||A senior citizens group. Meets Tuesdays. Craft classes and afternoon social at 1:30 pm. Bingo at 9 pm. Admiralty House, Spanish Point, Pembroke, call 295-9094|
|Senior Learners Club||A senior citizens group. P. O. Box PG 297, Paget PG BX|
|Seniors Learning Centre (SLC)||Held at the Bermuda College for many years now. Offers an extensive variety of daily classes for seniors, well-attended. Seniors can even audit classes at the College for $50 a semester. The SLC can be contacted at 239-4029 Mondays through Fridays between 9.30 a.m. and 2.00 p.m., or at 236-9000. The Co-ordinator is Dr. Janet Ferguson. See present course schedule at: http://www.bercol.bm/programmes/special/slc.aspx. Also, Seniors pay only $10 for classes offered by the Adult Community Centres.|
|Standing Medical Board||Pension and Gratuities (War Service) Act 1947. All surviving beneficiaries of such pensions are senior citizens.|
Last Updated: May
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