Welcome to Bermuda!

Click on graphic above to navigate the 165+ web files on this website, a regularly updated Gazetteer, an in-depth description of our island's internally self-governing British Overseas Territory 900 miles north of the Caribbean, 600 miles east of North Carolina, USA. With accommodation options, airlines, airport, actors, actresses, aviation, banks, beaches, Bermuda Dollar, Bermuda Government, Bermuda-incorporated businesses and companies including insurers and reinsurers, Bermudians, books and publications, bridges and causeway, charities, churches, citizenship by Status, City of Hamilton, commerce, communities, credit cards, cruise ships, cuisine, currency, disability accessibility, Devonshire Parish, districts, Dockyard, economy, education, employers, employment, environment, executorships, fauna, ferries, flora, former military bases, forts, gardens, geography, getting around, golf, guest houses, highways, history, historic properties, Hamilton, House of Assembly, housing, hotels, immigration, import duties, internet access, islands, laws, legal system and legislators, main roads, marriages, media, members of parliament, money, motor vehicles, municipalities, music and musicians, newcomers, newspaper, media, organizations, parks, parishes, Paget, Pembroke, performing artists, residents, pensions, political parties, postage stamps, public holidays, public transportation, railway trail, real estate, registries of aircraft and ships, religions, Royal Naval Dockyard, Sandys, senior citizens, Smith's, Somerset Village, Southampton, St. David's Island, St George's, Spanish Point, Spittal Pond, sports, taxes, telecommunications, time zone, traditions, tourism, Town of St. George, Tucker's Town, utilities, water sports, Warwick, weather, wildlife, work permits.

Bermuda Flag

Bermuda's Resident Population of 63,779 and local Expatriate Organizations

Origins of citizens and residents, 64% black, 32% white, 4% Asian and other

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By Keith Archibald Forbes (see About Us).

Population basics

Currently about 63,799 resident (not tourists or visitors) adults and children, mostly Bermudian, in Bermuda's 20.75 square miles or 56 square kilometers. For more information go to the Bermuda Government's Department of Statistics at gov.bm/bermuda-census.

Bermuda today is the third most densely populated place on earth. In terms of population per square miles, this is only exceeded by Monaco with 15,921 and Singapore with 6,891 persons. After Bermuda comes Vatican City with 2,200 per square mile; Malta, with 1,229; Puerto Rico, with 1112 (yet often written about in USA, including by the National Geographic, as one of the most densely populated places in the world); Bahrain, with 1,042; Maldives, with 1,036;  Bangladesh, 962; Taiwan, with 699; Mauritius, with 647; and Barbados, with 642. In contrast, note the very low populations per square mile of the United States of America - from where over 85% of its visitors come; then Canada; United Kingdom (632); Japan (870); Netherlands (1002). 

Bermuda is the fifth smallest country in the world at only 21 square miles in total, after Vatican City, Monaco, Nauru and Tuvalu; and is one of the most isolated. 

Bermuda Census 2010 Population density

The least densely populated area of  mainland Bermuda is Tucker's Town in St. George's Parish, an exclusive area for the very wealthy that denies access to all locals and visitors who are not members of the Mid Ocean Club. 

Unlike most other places with a native population dating back to the mists of time, Bermuda had no resident permanent population at all until 1609 when English settlers came by accident, then came deliberately from 1612. Only a few stranded mariners were here earlier, involuntarily and briefly. Bermuda was too tiny (only 21 square miles in total area), had no natural resources, no gold or silver or anything else that could be mined or refined. It remained without a permanent population long after the Spanish, Portuguese and Dutch East Indies empires were established, the French founded French Canada and the British founded Jamestown. See History. Nowadays, Bermuda is both a tourism resort and offshore business center.

Other population statistics, Bermuda has

There is a current population growth rate of 1.5% per annum. The birth rate is 15 births per 1,000 population and the total fertility rate is 1.7 children born per woman. The death rate is 7 deaths per 1,000 population, the net migration rate is 7 migrants per 1,000 population, and the infant mortality rate is 3.6 deaths per 1,000 live births. Life expectancy at birth is 72 years for males and 78 years for females.

Most - about 78% - of residents were born in Bermuda of Bermudian parents or a Bermudian parent and are therefore Bermudian. For decades now, it has not been sufficient for persons born in Bermuda to be regarded as Bermudian, even if born here, unless one parent is also Bermudian. 

Basics

Bermuda size & population 20.75 (Twenty point seven five) square miles in total. 63,779 residents
Resident population density per square mile 3,141. Third highest in the world
Government Code of Conduct for legislators None. There is a voluntary code, with no legislative teeth. It is ignored by some. No equivalent at all of the UK's Ethical Standards in Public Life Act.
Number in Cabinet 13. Same number as USA, equivalent in Bermuda to 0.63 (Point six three) per square mile. They have "The Honorable" before their name. 
Number of elected legislators in House of Assembly and their salaries 36. Equivalent to 1.93 (One point nine three) per square mile. They have "MP" for Member of Parliament after their name. If they are also Cabinet Ministers, they earn well in excess of $100,000 a year, plus unlimited expenses.  
Number of registered voters per Member of Parliament On July 18,2017, date of last General Election -  the average was one thousand two hundred and ninety seven). Contrast this with between 72,810 and 80,433 in the UK in 2017 and more in the USA and Canada per elected legislator.
Number of appointed politicians in Senate 11. Equivalent to 0.53 (Point five three) per square mile. They have "Senator" before their name. If they are also Cabinet Ministers, they earn this plus what is shown above under "Number of elected legislators." 
Number of Government Boards About 108. All require the approval of the Premier who controls all Public Information. See Bermuda Government Boards separate website shown at the end of this file.
Number of Police About 460, over 20 per square mile. Plus, there are Reserve officers.
Registered voters who can participate in a General Election Total number of registered voters, about 60% of the entire resident population, was about 44,500 on July 18. 2017.
The Bermuda Society  

Citizenship

Majority

Bermuda FlagThe majority of the permanent residents are described first, followed by the minorities. More than 68 percent of Bermudians are black, of African heritage, Afro-Bermudians. The first came here in about 1616, appreciably after the first white colonists. Some descend from slaves imported by British settlers, not directly from Africa but from Africa via the Caribbean more than 900 miles to the south. Some American Indians were also brought to Bermuda in the 17th and 18th centuries, as slaves or prisoners-of-war. Black slavery (like white slavery or serfdom much earlier) was effectively abolished in Britain since the early 1800s. Slavers and slave ships were relentlessly hunted down in the Atlantic and Caribbean by Royal Navy warships. Slavery was formally abolished in Britain much earlier and in Bermuda in 1834. 

Poor Bermuda 19 percent United States 28 percent
Nearly poor Bermuda 11 percent United States 10 percent
Middle income Bermuda 46 percent United States 36 percent
Affluent Bermuda 24 percent United States 36 percent

From the 1880s to the early 1900s, many Afro-West Indians arrived voluntarily from many islands of the Caribbean 900 or more miles to the south and settledMany Bermudians have forebears who came originally from them. There are also Bermudians and non-Bermudians here, originally or currently from the following islands.

Anguilla

Anguilla

Antigua

Antigua/Barbuda

Aruba

Aruba

Bahamas

Bahamas

Barbados

Barbados

Belize

Belize

Bonaire

Bonaire

British Virgin Islands

British Virgin Islands

Cayman Islands

Cayman Islands

Curacao

Curacao

Dominica

Dominica

Dominican Republic

Dominican Republic

Grenada

Grenada

Guyana

Guyana

Haiti

 Haiti

Jamaica

Jamaica

Montserrat

Montserrat

Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico

Saba

Saba

St Eustatius

St. Eustatius

St. Kitts & Nevis

St. Kitts & Nevis

St. Lucia

St. Lucia

St. Vincent

St. Vincent

Trinidad

Trinidad & Tobago

Venezuela

Venezuela

In July 2003, Bermuda formally joined the Caribbean Community, as an Associate Member (non-voting member), in certain areas but not in others. This specifically excludes the free movement of Caribbean nationals to Bermuda and any prospect of Bermuda joining CARIFTA or its newest free trade organization - the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) - and its hopes. Membership of the Caribbean Community will cost Bermuda about US$90,000 a year. Direct trade between Bermuda and Caribbean countries is also welcomed and encouraged, especially given the close or extended family links many Bermudians have with Caribbean islands or territories. Because of this, there is a Monday-Friday 10 am and 5:45 pm 5-minute Caribbean news feature on local radio (VSB) produced by the BBC of England and a lively Caribbean-produced feature on certain evenings. But the irony is that there are no scheduled air or sea services at all between Bermuda and the Caribbean, as there were in the 1930s, 1940s, 1950s and 1960s. Only Japanese car carriers - no regular freighters - call at both Bermuda's City of Hamilton and some Caribbean ports. It is hoped they will resume. Many visitors to Bermuda from the USA and Canada assume - wrongly - that there are air services connecting Bermuda with the Caribbean nearly 1,000 miles to the south. Presently, virtually all imports to Bermuda made in the Caribbean come via the USA or Canada. All visitors to Bermuda who are nationals of and resident in Caribbean islands must come via the USA or Canada or United Kingdom and must have appropriate visas to come via those countries. Effective January 2003, all Jamaican nationals who are not Bermudian must also have a visa to enter Bermuda on business or vacation.

Caribbean map

Minority

Bermuda FlagThe second-largest (about 33 percent) ethnic group of Bermudians are Caucasians - white. They were the first to arrive as colonists by an appreciable time and for years outnumbered Afro-Bermudians.  Many are of European extraction, descend from original British colonists who emigrated here voluntarily and can often trace their roots back to England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. More were imported, either as free people or as indentured laborers for a period until they earned their freedom. Relatively few came in one of these two ways originally from Ireland, France or other European countries.  They were joined by one-time Portuguese laborers brought in initially from the Madeira Islands as agricultural labor when slavery was abolished in the 1830's, then from the Azores. More recent arrivals have come, in order of numbers, from Canada, the United Kingdom (Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland again and Channel Islands as they too use British passports) and the United States of America. But as Bermuda is an international business center, many collectively have also come from Europe, Asia, Russia, Turkey and more. 

Austria

Austria

Belgium

Belgium

Canada

Canada

Chile

Chile

China

China

Costa Rica

Costa Rica

Czech

Czech Republic

Denmark

Denmark

Finland

Finland

France

France

Germany

Germany

Ghana

British flag

Great Britain

Greece

Greece

Hungary

Hungary

Iceland

Iceland

India

Ireland

Ireland

Israel

Israel

Italy

Italy

Luxembourg

Luxembourg

Mexico flag

Mexico

Netherlands

Netherlands

Norway

Norway

Philippines

Philippines

Portugal

Portugal

Romania

Romania

Russia

Russia

South Africa

South Africa

Spain

Spain

Sweden

Sweden

Switzerland

Switzerland

Turkey

Turkey

Ukraine

Ukraine

USA

USA

Bermuda also hosts people from Ghana, Japan, Nigeria, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and more. 

In those who are not Bermudian - not by preference but by law, despite having been here for many years and would easily qualify by residence as citizens in all other Western Hemisphere countries - Canadians are the most prevalent in the international industry of accounting and auditing, banking, Bermuda Government, commerce and education, the largest single group of guest workers. Britons are next. Many Americans are here, some as spouses of Bermudians. A number of Asians work in the hotels and restaurants. Some from the Philippines are in domestic service or the restaurant industry or are registered nurses.

Those born in other countries, or in Bermuda but without a Bermudian parent and are also not Bermudian, may have access to a Bermuda-based Consulate from or representing their country. A number of these are in Bermuda, serving both their incoming or resident nationals and visitors going to such countries from Bermuda.

Expatriate Organizations in Bermuda

Quite a few, including:

Caledonian Society of Bermuda

Shamrock

See entry above

Voter statistics

There are currently about 43,200 registered voters, about 60 percent of Bermuda's total current population. As soon as local citizens become at least 18 years old they can register to vote. 

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Authored, researched, compiled and website-managed by Keith A. Forbes. Last Updated: October 22, 2020
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